Paleontological Journal

, Volume 48, Issue 6, pp 688–700 | Cite as

Platimeliphyllum reznikoviorum N. Maslova, sp. nov. (Angiospermae) and associated infructescence from the Paleogene of central Kazakhstan

  • N. P. Maslova
  • T. M. Kodrul
  • M. V. Tekleva
  • G. N. Aleksandrova


A new species Platimeliphyllum reznikoviorum N. Maslova is described from the Paleogene of Nizhnii Ashut locality (central Kazakhstan) based on the leaf macromorphological and epidermal characteristics. A capitate infructescence sharing characters of Platanaceae and some Hamamelidaceae was found together with the leaves. Small reticulate tricolpate pollen grains were found adhered to the carpel surface. The fossil leaves and reproductive structure are supposed to belong to the same plant. Fossil leaves attributed to Platimeliphyllum are associated with reproductive structures of various genera belonging to different families. Therefore we use the morphological classification for dispersed angiosperm leaves proposed by Krassilov (1979) to define the taxonomic position of this genus.


Platimeliphyllum capitate infructescences tricolpate pollen Paleogene central Kazakhstan 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ash, A.W., Ellis, B., Hickey, L.J., Johnson, K.R., and Wilf, P., Manual of Leaf Architecture: Morphological Description and Categorization of Dicotyledons and Net-Veined Monocotyledonous Angiosperms, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Inst.,1999.Google Scholar
  2. Benedict, J.C., Pigg, K.B., and DeVore, M.L., Hamawilsonia boglei gen. et sp. nov. (Hamamelidaceae) from the Late Paleocene Almont flora of central North Dakota, Int. J. Plant Sci., 2008, vol. 169, no. 5, pp. 687–700.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Blyakhova, S.M., Kalmeneva, A.Kh., and Ponomarenko, Z.K., Stratigraphical significance of the Early Paleogene floras of Kazakhstan and specific features of their development, in Palinologiya Kazakhstana (Palynology of Kazakhstan), Vedernikov, N.N., Ed., Alma-Ata: Kazakh. Nauchno-Issled. Inst. Miner. Syr’ya, 1971, pp. 93–106.Google Scholar
  4. Bogle, A.L., Floral morphology and vascular anatomy of the Hamamelidaceae: The apetalous genera of Hamamelidoideae, J. Arnold Arbor., 1970, vol. 51, pp. 310–366.Google Scholar
  5. Bogle, A.L. and Philbrick, C.T., A generic atlas of hamamelidaceous pollen, Contrib. Gray Herb., 1980, no. 210, pp. 29–103.Google Scholar
  6. Carpenter, R.J., Hill, R.S., and Jordan, G.J., Leaf cuticular morphology links Platanaceae and Proteaceae, Int. J. Plant Sci., 2005, vol. 166, no. 5, pp. 843–855.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Crepet, W.L., Nixon, K.C., Friis, E.M., and Freudenstein, J.V., Oldest fossil flowers of hamamelidaceous affinity, from the Late Cretaceous of New Jersey, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 1992, vol. 89, no. 19, pp. 8986–8989.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Endress, P.K. and Friis, E.M., Archamamelis, hamamelidalean flowers from the Upper Cretaceous of Sweden, Plant Syst. Evol., 1991, vol. 175, pp. 101–114.Google Scholar
  9. Flora of China Illustrations, vol. 9: Pittosporaceae through Connaraceae, Flora of China Illustrations, vol. 9, Wu Zhengyi and Peter H. Raven, Eds., Beijing-St. Louis: Sci. Press-Missouri Bot. Garden Press, 2003.Google Scholar
  10. Friis, E.M., Crane, P.R., and Pedersen, K.R., Reproductive structures of Cretaceous Platanaceae, Kong. Danske Vidensk. Selsk. Biol. Skrifter, 1988, vol. 31, pp. 1–55.Google Scholar
  11. Ickert-Bond, S.M. and Wen Jun, A taxonomic synopsis of Altingiaceae with nine new combinations, PhytoKeys, 2013, vol. 31, pp. 21–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kapil, R.N. and Kaul, U., Embryologically little known taxon-Parrotiopsis jacquemontiana, Phytomorphology, 1972, vol. 22, nos. 3–4, pp. 234–245.Google Scholar
  13. Kodrul T.M., Jin Jian-hua, Aleksandrova, G.N., Herman, A.B., Feng Xin-xin, Song Yun-sheng, and Liu Xiao-yan, Phytogeographical relationships of the low-latitude Eocene floras of South China (Changchang Basin, Hainan Province and Maoming Basin, Guangdong Province), in Proc. 2nd Sino-Russian Seminar on Evolution and Development of Eastern Asian Flora Based on Palaeobotanical Data, Guangzhou, China, November 5–10, 2012, Guangzhou, 2012, pp. 37–46.Google Scholar
  14. Kodrul, T.M. and Maslova, N.P., A new species of the genus Platimeliphyllum N. Maslova from the Paleocene of the Amur region, Russia, Paleontol. J., 2007, vol. 41, no. 11, pp. 1108–1117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kornilova, V.S., Nikol’skaya, V.D., and Ponomarenko, Z.K., Flora of the Kenetay Formation on the eastern side of the Turgay Trough, in Iskopaemaya fauna i flora Tsentral’nogo i Vostochnogo Kazakhstana. Mater. po istorii fauny i flory Kazakhstana (Fossil Fauna and Flora of Central and Eastern Kazakhstan: Materials to the History of Fauna and Flora of Kazakhstan), Alma-Ata: Nauka Kaz. SSR, 1971, vol. 5, pp. 135–157.Google Scholar
  16. Krassilov, V.A., Melovaya flora Sakhalina (Cretaceous Flora of Sakhalin), Moscow: Nauka, 1979.Google Scholar
  17. Krassilov, V.A. and Shilin, P.V., New platanoid staminate heads from the mid-Cretaceous of Kazakhstan, Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 1995, vol. 85, no. 3, pp. 207–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Krassilov, V.A., Kodrul, T.M., and Maslova, N.P., Plant systematics and differentiation of species over Trans-Beringian land connections including a new species of Cupressaceous conifer Ditaxocladus Guo et Sun, Bull. Geol. Sci., 2009, vol. 85, no. 1, pp. 95–110.Google Scholar
  19. Linnaeus, C., Genera plantarum: eorumque characteres naturales secundum numerum, figuram, situm, et proportionem omnium fructificationis partium, Stockholm: Impensis Laurentii Salvii, 1754.Google Scholar
  20. Magallón-Puebla, S., Herendeen, P.S., and Endress, P.K., Allonia decandra: floral remains of the tribe Hamamelideae (Hamamelidaceae) from Campanian strata of southeastern USA, Plant Syst. Evol., 1996, vol. 202, nos. 3/4, pp. 177–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Magallón-Puebla, S., Herendeen, P.S., and Crane, P.R., Androdecidua endressii gen. et sp. nov., from the Late Cretaceous of Georgia (United States): Further floral diversity in Hamamelidoideae (Hamamelidaceae), Int. J. Plant Sci., 2001, vol. 162, no. 4, pp. 963–983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Manchester, S.R., Vegetative and reproductive morphology of an extinct plane tree (Platanaceae) from the Eocene of western North America, Bot. Gaz., 1986, vol. 147, no. 2, pp. 200–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Manchester, S.R., Chen Zhi-duan, Geng Bao-yin, and Tao Jun-rong, Middle Eocene flora of Huadian, Jilin Province, northeastern China, Acta Palaeobot., 2005, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 3–26.Google Scholar
  24. Maslova, N.P. and Krassilov, V.A., New hamamelid infructescences from the Paleocene of western Kamchatka, Russia, Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 1997, vol. 97, no. 1, pp. 67–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Maslova, N.P. and Golovneva, L.B., Lindacarpa gen. nov., a new hamamelid fructification from the Upper Cretaceous of eastern Siberia, Paleontol. J., 2000, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 462–468.Google Scholar
  26. Maslova, N.P. and Golovneva, L.B., A hamamelid inflorescence with in situ pollen grains from the Cenomanian of eastern Siberia, Paleontol. J., 2000, vol. 34, suppl. no. 1, pp. 40–49.Google Scholar
  27. Maslova, N.P., A New Plant of the Family Platanaceae from the Early Paleogene Reconstructed on the Basis of Leaves and Inflorescences, Paleontol. J., 2002, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 207–218.Google Scholar
  28. Maslova, N.P. and Kodrul, T.M., New Platanaceous Inflorescence Archaranthus gen. nov. from the Maastrichtian-Paleocene of the Amur Region, Paleontol. J., 2003, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 89–98.Google Scholar
  29. Maslova, N.P. and Herman, A.B., New finds of fossil hamamelids and data on the phylogenetic relationships between the Platanaceae and Hamamelidaceae, Paleontol. J., 2004, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 563–575.Google Scholar
  30. Maslova, N.P., Golovneva, L.B., and Tekleva, M.V., Infructescences of Kasicarpa gen. nov. (Hamamelidales) from the Late Cretaceous (Turonian) of the Chulym-Yenisey depression, western Siberia, Russia, Acta Palaeobot., 2005, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 121–137.Google Scholar
  31. Maslova, N.P. and Herman, A.B., Infructescences of Friisicarpus nom. nov. (Platanaceae) and associated foliage of the platanoid type from the Cenomanian of western Siberia, Paleontol. J., 2006, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 109–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Maslova, N.P., Kodrul, T.M., and Tekleva, M.V., A new taxon of staminate inflorescences Bogutchanthus gen. nov. (Hamamelidales) from the Paleocene of the Amur Region, Paleontol. J., 2007, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 564–579.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Maslova, N.P., New genus Sarbaicarpa gen. nov. (Hamamelidales) from the Cenomanian-Turonian of the western Kazakstan, Paleontol. J., 2009, vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 1281–1297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Maslova, N.P., Systematics of fossil platanoids and hamamelids, Paleontol. J., 2010, vol. 44, no. 11, pp. 1379–1466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Maslova, N.P., Tekleva, M.V., Sokolova, A.B., Broushkin, A.V., and Gordenko, N.V., Platanoid infructescences of Friisicarpus kubaensis sp. nov. and leaves Ettingshausenia kubaensis sp. nov. from the Albian-Cenomanian of Chulym-Yenisei depression, Russia, Palaeobotanist, 2011, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 209–236.Google Scholar
  36. Maslova, N.P. and Tekleva, M.V., Infructescences of Friisicarpus sarbaensis sp. nov. (Platanaceae) from the Cenomanian-Turonian of western Kazakhstan, Paleontol. J., 2012, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 433–444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Nesterova, E.V., Palynological characterization of Lower Paleogene sediments in the northern Turgay Trough, in Palinologiya Kazakhstana (Palynology of Kazakhstan), Alma-Ata: Kazakh. Nauchno-Issled. Inst. Miner. Syr’ya, 1971, pp. 107–110.Google Scholar
  38. Pan Kai-yu, Lu An-ming, and Wen Jie, Characters of leaf epidermis in Hamamelidaceae (s. l.), Acta Phytotaxonomica Sin., 1990, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 10–26.Google Scholar
  39. Pedersen, K.R., Friis, E.M., Crane, P.R., and Drinnan, A.N., Reproductive structures of an extinct platanoid from the early Cretaceous (latest Albian) of eastern North America, Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 1994, vol. 80, nos. 3–4, pp. 291–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Pigg, K.B., Ickert-Bond, S.M., and Wen, J., Anatomically preserved Liquidambar (Altingiaceae) from the middle Miocene of Yakima Canyon, Washington state, USA, and its biogaographic implications, Am. J. Bot., 2004, vol. 91, no. 3, pp. 499–509.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Polumiskova, L.Sh., Terekhova, E.K., Blyakhova, S.M., and Ponomarenko, Z.K., Change in floras during the Upper Cretaceous and Paleogene time on the territory of Kazakhstan, in Znachenie palinologicheskogo analiza dlya stratigrafii i paleofloristiki (The Importance of Palynological Analysis for the Stratigraphic and Paleofloristic Investigations), Neustadt, M.I., Ed., Moscow: Nauka, 1966, pp. 154–158.Google Scholar
  42. Ponomarenko, Z.K., The age and paleogeographical environments of bauxite formation in Kazakhstan, in Znachenie palinologicheskogo analiza dlya stratigrafii i paleofloristiki (The Importance of Palynological Analysis for the Stratigraphic and Paleofloristic Investigations), Neustadt, M.I., Ed., Moscow: Nauka, 1966, pp. 148–154.Google Scholar
  43. Shilin, P.V., Pozdnemelovye flory Kazakhstana: Sistematicheskii sostav, istoriya razvitiya, stratigraficheskoe znachenie (Late Cretaceous Floras of Kazakhstan: Systematic Composition, Developmental History, and Stratigraphical Significance), Alma-Ata: Nauka, 1986.Google Scholar
  44. Skvortsova, N.T., On the types of leaf venation in representatives of the family Hamamelidaceae, Vopr. Farmakogn., 1960, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 75–83.Google Scholar
  45. Skvortsova, N.T., Comparative morphological study of representatives of the family Hamamelidaceae R. Br. and their phylogenetic relationships, in Voprosy sravnitel’noi morfologii semennykh rastenii (Problems of Comparative Morfology of Angiosperm Plants), Budantsev, L.Yu., Ed., Leningrad: Nauka, 1975, pp. 7–24.Google Scholar
  46. Takahashi Masamichi and Saiki Ken’ichi, Maastrichtian angiospermous pollen records from Sakhalin, Russia, J. Plant. Res., 1995, vol. 108, no. 1089, pp. 47–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Tyurin, B.A., Platform bauxites in the territory of Kazakhstan (central Kazakhstan and Turgay province), in Platformennye boksity SSSR (Platform Bauxites of the USSR), Moscow: Nauka, 1971, pp. 152–192.Google Scholar
  48. Vasilieva, O.N., Palinologiya i stratigrafiya morskikh otlozhenii paleogena Yuzhnogo Zaural’ya (Palynology and Stratigraphy of the Paleogene Marine Sediments of the Southern Trans-Urals), Sverdlovsk: Ural. Otd. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1990.Google Scholar
  49. Vasilieva, O.N. and Levina, A.P., Paleocene-Early Eocene palynofloras of the northern Turgay, Novosti Paleontol. Stratigr., Prilozh. Geol. Geofiz., 2010, suppl. no. 14, pp. 151–166.Google Scholar
  50. Volkov, A.N., Geological structure of the Amangeldy deposits of bauxite and refractory clay,Tr. Inst. Geol., Kazakh. Akad. Nauk, 1957, no. 2, pp. 3–35.Google Scholar
  51. von Balthazar, M. and Schönenberger, J., Floral structure and organization in Platanaceae, Int. J. Plant Sci., 2009, vol. 170, no. 2, pp. 210–255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Zaklinskaya, E.D., Pyl’tsa pokrytosemyannykh i ee znachenie dlya obosnovaniya stratigrafii verkhnego mela i paleogena (The Pollen of Angiosperms and Its Significance in Providing a Basis for the Stratigraphy of the Upper Cretaceous and Palaeogene), Tr. Geol. Inst. vol. 74, Moscow: Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1963.Google Scholar
  53. Zetter, R., Farabee, M.J., Pigg, K.B., Manchester, S.R., DeVore, M.L., and Nowak, M.D., Palynoflora of the late Paleocene silicified shale at Almont, North Dakota, USA, Palynology, 2011, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 179–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Zhou Zhe-kun, Crepet, W.L., and Nixon, K.C., The earliest fossil evidence of the Hamamelidaceae: Late Cretaceous (Turonian) inflorescences and fruits of Altingioideae, Am. J. Bot., 2001, vol. 88, no. 5, pp. 753–766.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. P. Maslova
    • 1
  • T. M. Kodrul
    • 2
  • M. V. Tekleva
    • 1
  • G. N. Aleksandrova
    • 2
  1. 1.Borissiak Paleontological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Geological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations