Paleontological Journal

, Volume 47, Issue 7, pp 641–832

Fossil insects of the middle and upper Permian of European Russia

  • D. S. Aristov
  • A. S. Bashkuev
  • V. K. Golubev
  • A. V. Gorochov
  • E. V. Karasev
  • D. S. Kopylov
  • A. G. Ponomarenko
  • A. P. Rasnitsyn
  • D. A. Rasnitsyn
  • N. D. Sinitshenkova
  • I. D. Sukatsheva
  • D. V. Vassilenko
Article

Abstract

Fossil insects of European Russia from the Urzhumian to Vyatkian stages are reviewed, new taxa are described, and dynamics of insect taxonomic diversity around the Permian-Triassic boundary in light of the Paleozoic-Mesozoic boundary global extinction problem is analyzed. Traces of interactions between arthropods and plants are analyzed. Insect-bearing deposits of the Late Paleozoic found in the northern and eastern areas of the East European Platform are unique on the global scale in their completeness and continuity, allowing us to trace especially comprehensively the biotic processes that occurred around the boundary described as the time of the greatest biotic catastrophe of the Phanerozoic. A total of 28 genera and 111 species are newly described. Within the range from the Urzhumian to the Permo-Triassic boundary, 15 representative successive assemblages, including 112 families, are recognized (seven in the area in question and eight in other regions of Asia, Australia, and Africa). New tools are developed for the analysis of the dynamics of diversity. These tools show an approximately equilibrium (slightly positive) dynamics in the Urzhumian and Severodvinian and a drop in diversity during the Vyatkian Age. It is shown that Permian insect assemblages acquired a substantially post-Paleozoic pattern much earlier than the end of the Paleozoic. The character of changes that took place in the Induan and Olenekian remains uncertain, but a large-scale extinction event did not occur here: most families that have not been recorded at the beginning of the Triassic are recorded again in the Middle and Upper Triassic. Nevertheless, a biotic crisis probably actually took place, but was reduced to reorganization of the biota’s structure, which provided enormous growth of biodiversity over subsequent hundreds of millions of years, rather than resulted in catastrophic extinction. This study is intended for entomologists, stratigraphers, and all readers interested in the biotic events that took place around the Permian-Triassic boundary.

Keywords

Insecta biodiversity crisis arthropods-plant interaction new taxa insect localities Middle and Upper Permian European Russia 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. S. Aristov
    • 1
  • A. S. Bashkuev
    • 1
  • V. K. Golubev
    • 1
  • A. V. Gorochov
    • 2
  • E. V. Karasev
    • 1
  • D. S. Kopylov
    • 1
  • A. G. Ponomarenko
    • 1
  • A. P. Rasnitsyn
    • 1
    • 3
  • D. A. Rasnitsyn
    • 4
  • N. D. Sinitshenkova
    • 1
  • I. D. Sukatsheva
    • 1
  • D. V. Vassilenko
    • 1
  1. 1.Borissiak Paleontological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Zoological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.Natural History MuseumLondonUK
  4. 4.MiddletownUSA

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