Paleontological Journal

, 45:459 | Cite as

The new species Ettingshausenia sarbaensis (Angiospermae) from the Cenomanian-Turonian of Western Kazakhstan in light of the problem of classification of dispersed cretaceous Platanus-like leaves

Article

Abstract

Based on morphological and epidermal characters of the leaf, a new species, Ettingshausenia sarbaensis sp. nov., from the Cenomanian-Turonian of western Kazakhstan is described. In fossil Platanus-like leaves, the unique epidermal structure, with the combination of encyclocytic, laterocytic, and paracytic stomata and the presence of trichomes on one or from two to seven epidermal cells, is shown for the first time. Based on variations in morphological and epidermal characters, two morphotypes corresponding to groups of sun and shade leaves are recognized. The expediency of consideration of dispersed Cretaceous Platanus-like leaves within the framework of morphological classification of leaves is discussed.

Keywords

Ettingshausenia morphology and epidermal structure of leaves morphological system Cenomanian-Turonian 

References

  1. Alekseenko, T.M. and Krassilov, V.A., Epidermal Structure and Taxonomic Position of Oaks with Lobed Leaves from the Miocene of the Primorskii Region, Paleontol. Zh., 1980, no. 3, pp. 118–124.Google Scholar
  2. Baas, P., Comparative Anatomy of Platanus kerrii Gagnep., Bot. J. Linn. Soc., 1969, vol. 62, pp. 413–421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baranova, M.A., Comparative Stomatographic Study of the families Buxaceae and Simmondsiaceae, in Sistematika i evolyutsiya vysshikh rastenii (Taxonomy and Evolution of Higher Plants), Leningrad: Nauka, 1980, pp. 68–75.Google Scholar
  4. Baranova, M.A., On the Laterocytic Type of the Stomata in Flowering Plants, Botan. Zh., 1981, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 179–185.Google Scholar
  5. Baranova, M.A., On the Laterocytic Stomatotype in Angiosperms, Brittonia, 1983, vol. 35, pp. 93–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Baranova, M.A., Comparative Stomatographic Study of the family Chloranthaceae, in Problemy paleobotaniki (Problems of Paleobotany), Takhtajian, A.L., Ed., Leningrad: Nauka, 1986, pp. 12–19.Google Scholar
  7. Baranova, M.A., Principles of Comparative Stomatographic Studies of Flowering Plants, Botan. Rev., 1992, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 49–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Barbacka, M. and van Konijnenburg-van Cittert, J.H.A., Sun and Shade Leaves in Two Jurassic Species of Pteridosperms, Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 1998, vol. 103, pp. 209–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Carpenter, R.J., Hill, R.S., and Jordan, G.J., Leaf Cuticular Morphology Links Platanaceae and Proteaceae, Int. J. Plant Sci., 2005, vol. 166, no. 5, pp. 843–855.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Denk, T. and Velitzelos, D., First Evidence of Epidermal Structures of Ginkgo from the Mediterranean Tertiary, Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 2002, vol. 120, pp. 1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Frumin, S. and Friis, E.M., Liriodendroid Seeds from the Late Cretaceous of Kazakhstan and North Carolina, USA, Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 1996, vol. 94, pp. 39–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Frumin, S. and Friis, E.M., Magnoliid Reproductive Organs from the Cenomanian-Turonian of North-western Kazakhstan: Magnoliaceae and Illiciaceae, Plant Syst. Evol., 1999, vol. 216, pp. 265–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fryns-Claessens, E. and Van Cotthem, W., A New Classification of the Ontogenetic Types of Stomata, Botan. Rev., 1973, vol. 39, pp. 71–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Goryshina, T.K., Ekologiya rastenii (Plant Ecology), Moscow: Vysshaya shkola, 1979.Google Scholar
  15. Guignard, G., Boka, K., and Barbaska, M., Sun and Shade Leaves? Cuticle Ultrastructure of Jurassic Komlopteris nordenskioeldii (Nathorst) Barbacka, Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 2001, vol. 114, pp. 191–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hartog, R.M. and Baas, P., Epidermal Characters of the Celastraceae sensu lato, Acta Botan. Neerl., 1978, vol. 27, pp. 355–388.Google Scholar
  17. Krassilov, V.A., Tsagayanskaya flora Amurskoi oblasti (Tsagayan Flora of the Amur Region), Moscow: Nauka, 1976.Google Scholar
  18. Krassilov, V.A., Melovaya flora Sakhalina (Cretaceous Flora of Sakhalin), Moscow: Nauka, 1979.Google Scholar
  19. Krassilov, V.A., Proiskhozhdenie i rannyaya evolyutsiya tsvetkovykh rastenii (The Origin and Early Evolution of Flowering Plants), Moscow: Nauka, 1989.Google Scholar
  20. Krassilov, V.A. and Shilin, P.V., New Platanoid Staminate Heads from the Mid-Cretaceous of Kazakhstan, Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 1995, vol. 85, pp. 207–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kürschner, W.M., The Anatomical Diversity of Recent and Fossil Leaves of the Durmast Oak (Quercus petraea Lieblein/Q. pseudocastanea Goeppert)-Implications for the Use As Biosensors of Paleoatmospheric CO Levels, Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 1997, vol. 96, pp. 1–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kvaček, J. and Váchová, Z., Revision of Platanoid Foliage from the Cretaceous of the Czech Republic, J. Nat. Mus. Natur. Hist., 2006, vol. 175, no. 3–4, pp. 77–89.Google Scholar
  23. Kvaček, Z., Manchester, S.R., and Guo, Shuang-xing, Trifoliolate Leaves of Platanus bella (Heer) comb. n. from the Paleocene of North America, Greenland, and Asia and Their Relationships among Extinct and Extant Platanaceae, Int. J. Plant Sci., 2001, vol. 162, no. 2, pp. 441–458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kvaček Z. and Manchester, S.R., Vegetative and Reproductive Structures of the Extinct Platanus neptuni from the Tertiary of Europe and Relationships within the Platanaceae, Plant Syst. Evol., 2004, vol. 244, pp. 1–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lotova, L.I., Morfologiya i anatomiya vysshikh rastenii (Morphology and Anatomy of Higher Plants), Moscow: Editorial URSS, 2000.Google Scholar
  26. Maslova, N.P., Cretaceous-Paleogene Platanaceae and Hamamelidaceae of the Far East and Siberia: Morphology, Systematics, and Phylogeny, Extended Abstract of Cand. Sci. (Biol.) Dissertation, Moscow: Paleontol. Inst. Russ. Acad. Sci., 2001a, pp. 1–24.Google Scholar
  27. Maslova, N.P., Cretaceous Planes: Reality or Error?, in Pamyati chlen.-korr. AN SSSR V.A. Vakhrameeva (k 90-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya) (In Memory of Corresponding Member of Acad. Sci. Of the USSR V.A. Vakhrameev: to 90the Anniversary of the Birthday), Moscow: GEOS, 2002, pp. 177–179.Google Scholar
  28. Maslova, N.P., Morphology, Systematics, and Phylogeny of Extinct Platanoids and Hamamelids, Extended Abstract of Doctoral (Biol.) Dissertation, Moscow: Paleontol. Inst. Acad. Sci., 2008a, pp. 1–48.Google Scholar
  29. Maslova, N.P., Association of Reproductive Organs of Platanoids (Angiospermae): Significance for Systematics and Phylogeny, Paleontol. J., 2008b, vol. 42, no. 12, pp. 1393–1404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Maslova, N.P., New Genus Sarbaicarpa gen. nov. (Hamamelidales) from the Cenomanian-Turonian of Western Kazakhstan, Paleontol. J., 2009, vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 1281–1297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Maslova, N.P., Systematics of Fossil Platanoids and Hamamelids, Paleontol. J., 2010, vol. 44, no. 11, pp. 1379–1466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Maslova, N.P., Golovneva, L.B., and Tekleva, M.V., Infructescences of Kasicarpa gen. nov. (Hamamelidales) from the Late Cretaceous (Turonian) of the Chulym-Enisey Depression, Western Siberia, Russia, Acta Palaeobotan., 2005, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 121–137.Google Scholar
  33. Maslova, N.P., Gordenko, N.V., and Volkova, L.D., Structural Epidermal Features of Leaves of Platanus acerifolia Willd. (Platanaceae) and Significance of Cuticular Analysis for the Determination of Cretaceous Platanus-like Leaves, Botan. Zh., 2008b, vol. 93, no. 7, pp. 982–995.Google Scholar
  34. Maslova, N.P. and Herman, A.B., New Finds of Fossil Hamamelids and Data on the Phylogenetic Relationships between the Platanaceae and Hamamelidaceae, Paleontol. Google Scholar
  35. Maslova, N.P. and Herman, A.B., New Finds of Fossil Hamamelids and Data on the Phylogenetic Relationships between the Platanaceae and Hamamelidaceae, Paleontol. Zh., 2004, no. 5, pp. 94–105 [Paleontol. J., 2004, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 563–575].Google Scholar
  36. Maslova, N.P. and Herman, A.B., Infructescences of Friisicarpus nom. nov. (Platanaceae) and Associated Foliage of the Platanoid Type from the Cenomanian of Western Siberia, Paleontol. Zh., 2006, no. 1, pp. 103–106 [Paleontol. J., 2006, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 109–113].Google Scholar
  37. Maslova, N.P., Moiseeva, M.G., Herman, A.B., and Kvaček, J., Did Plane Trees Exist in the Cretaceous?, Paleontol. Zh., 2005, no. 4, pp. 98–110 [Paleontol. J., 2005, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 440–453].Google Scholar
  38. Maslova, N.P., Volkova, L.D., and Gordenko, N.V., Morphological Variation of Leaves in Platanus acerifolia Willd. (Platanaceae) and Approaches to the Determination of Dispersed Cretaceous Platanus-like Leaves, Botan. Zh., 2008a, vol. 93, no. 6, pp. 825–839.Google Scholar
  39. Meyen, S.V., Osnovy paleobotaniki (Fundamentals of Paleobotany), Moscow: Nedra, 1987.Google Scholar
  40. Moiseeva, M.G., New Angiosperms from the Maastrichtian of the Amaam Lagoon Area (Northeastern Russia), Paleontol. Zh., 2008, no. 3, pp. 92–105 [Paleontol. J., 2008, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 313–327].Google Scholar
  41. Moiseeva, M.G., New Data on the Cenomanian Flora of the Ugol’naya Bay Area (Northeastern Russia), Paleontol. Zh., 2010, no. 2, pp. 100–110 [Paleontol. Zh., 2010, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 226–239].Google Scholar
  42. Narita, A., Yamada, T., and Matsumoto, M., Platanoid Leaves from Cenomanian to Turonian Mikasa Formation, Northern Japan and Their Mode of Occurrence, Paleontol. Res., 2008, vol. 12, no. 10, pp. 81–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Pan, K.Y., Lu, A.M., and Wen, J., Characters of Leaf Epidermis in Hamamelidaceae (s. l.), Acta Phytotaxon. Sin., 1990, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 10–26.Google Scholar
  44. Rüffle, L., Merkmalskomplexe bei alteren Angiospermen-Bluttern und die Kutikula von Credneria Zenker (Menispermaceae), Palaeontogr. Abt. B, 1968, vol. 123, nos. 1–6, pp. 123–145.Google Scholar
  45. Shennikov, A.P., Ekologiya rastenii (Plant Ecology), Moscow: Sovet. Nauka, 1950.Google Scholar
  46. Shilin, P.V., Pozdnemelovye flory Kazakhstana: Sistematicheskii sostav, istoriya razvitiya, stratigraficheskoe znachenie (Late Cretaceous Floras of Kazakhstan: Taxonomic Composition, History of Development, and Stratigraphic Significance), Almaty: Nauka, 1986.Google Scholar
  47. Shilin, P.V., Upper Cretaceous Flora of Karakumzholy, Northeastern Aral Region, Paleontol. J., 2008, vol. 42, no. 12, pp. 1405–1409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Stace, C.A., Cuticular Studies As an Aid to Plant Taxonomy, Bull. Brit. Mus. Natur. Hist., 1965, vol. 4, pp. 1–78.Google Scholar
  49. Strauss-Debenetti, S. and Berlyn, G.P., Leaf Anatomical Responses to Light in Five Tropical Moraceae of Different Successional Status, Am. J. Botan., 1994, vol. 81, pp. 1582–1591.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Shtromberg, A.Ya., On the Classification of Stomatal Types in Leaves of Dicotyledons, in Sb. Tr. Tbiliss. Nauchno-Issled. Khim.-Farm. Inst., 1956, vol. 8, pp. 51–67.Google Scholar
  51. Sun, B.N., Dilcher, D.L., Beerling, D.J., et al. Variation in Ginkgo biloba L. Leaf Characters across a Climatic Gradient in China, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 2003, vol. 100, pp. 7141–7146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Tschan, G.F., Denk, T., and Von Balthazar, M., Credneria and Platanus (Platanaceae) from the Late Cretaceous (Santonian) of Quedlinburg, Germany, Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 2008, vol. 152, pp. 211–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Upchurch, G.R., “Evolution of the Cuticle in Early Angiosperm Leaves from the Lower Cretaceous Potomac Group (Atlantic Coastal Plain, U.S.A),” 1981. Faculty Publications-Biology. Paper 9. http://ecommons.txstate.edu/biol-facp/9.
  54. Upchurch, G.R., Cuticle Evolution in Early Cretaceous Angiosperms from the Potomac Group of Virginia and Maryland, Ann. Miss. Botan. Gard., 1984, vol. 71, pp. 522–550.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Wolfe, J.A., Fossil Forms of Amentiferae, Brittonia, 1973, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 334–355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Wu, J., Sun, B., Liu, Y.S., et al., A New Species of Exbucklandia (Hamamelidaceae) from the Pliocene of China and Its Paleoclimatic Significance, Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 2009, vol. 155, nos. 1–2, pp. 32–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Zalenskii, V.R., Data on Quantitative Anatomy of Various Leaves of the Same Plants, Izv. Kievsk. Politekhn. Inst., 1904, vol. 4, pp. 1–209.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Borissiak Paleontological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Botany and PhytointroductionCommittee of Sciences and Education of the Republic KazakhstanAlmatyKazakhstan

Personalised recommendations