Paleontological Journal

, Volume 44, Issue 7, pp 728–736 | Cite as

Which came first, the virus or the cell?

Article

Abstract

The nature of viruses and the fundamental difference between their reproduction mechanism and cell division are discussed. The ways for storage and expression of genetic information in viruses are considerably more diverse than in cells. It is widely accepted nowadays that the “RNA world” appeared earlier than the “DNA world.” Hypotheses of the origin of viruses are discussed in conjunction with these theories (a hypothesis that cells with a RNA-genome appeared first, and were followed by viruses, and a hypothesis according to which RNA-containing viruses appeared first). It is suggested in both cases that the DNA-genomes first appeared in viruses, and that viruses played a definitive role in the origin of archaeans, eubacteria, and eukaryotes.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    V. I. Agol, “On the System of Viruses,” Usp. Sovrem. Biol. 77, 9–29 (1974a).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    V. I. Agol, “Towards the System of Viruses,” Biosystem 6, 113 (1974b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    V. I. Agol, “An Aspect of the Origin and Evolution of Viruses,” Origins of Life 7, 119–132 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    V. I. Agol, “The Origin and Evolution of Viruses,” in Evolution from Cellular to Social Scales: NATO Science for Peace and Security, Ser. B: Physics and Biophysics, Ed. by A.T. Skjeltorp and A.V. Belushkin (Springer-Verlag, 2008), pp. 91–98.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. D. Altstein, “The Protocellular Concept of the Origin of Viruses,” Semin. Virol. 3, 409–417 (1992).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. Baltimore, “Expression of Animal Virus Genomes,” Bacteriol. Rev. 3, 235–241 (1971).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. H. Bamford, “Do Viruses Form Lineages across Different Domains of Life?,” Res. Microbiol. 154, 231–236 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Breitbart and F. Rohwer, “Here a Virus, there a Virus, everywhere the Same Virus?,” Trends Microbiol. 13, 278–284 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. Cello, A. V. Paul, and E. Wimmer, “Chemical Synthesis of Poliovirus cDNA: Generation of Infectious Virus in the Absence of Natural Template,” Science 297, 1016–1018 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    W. F. Doolittle, “Reviewer’s Report I. in Koonin et al., 2006,” Biology Direct. 1, 29 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    P. Forterre, “Three RNA Cells for Ribosomal Lineages and Three DNA Viruses to Replicate Their Genomes: A Hypothesis for the Origin of Cellular Domain,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103, 3669–3674 (2006a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    P. Forterre, “The Origin of Viruses and Their Possible Roles in Major Evolutionary Transitions,” Virus Res. 117, 5–16 (2006b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Koonin E.V. and W. Martin, “On the Origin of Genomes and Cells within Inorganic Compartments,” Trends Genet. 21, 647–654 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    E. V. Koonin, T. G. Senkevich, and V. V. Dolja, “The Ancient Virus World and Evolution of Cells,” Biology Direct. 1, 29 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S. E. Luria and J. E. Darnell, General Virology, 2nd ed. (John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1967).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. Molla, A. V. Paul, and E. Wimmer, “Cell-Free, Denovo Synthesis of Poliovirus,” Science 254, 1647–1651 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    C. A. Suttle, “Viruses in the Sea,” Nature 437, 356–361 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    C. A. Suttle, “Marine Viruses—Major Players in the Global Ecosystem,” Nature Rev. Microbiol. 5, 801–812 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    E. Wimmer, C. U. Hellen, and X. Cao, “Genetics of Poliovirus,” Annu. Rev. Genet. 27, 353–436 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chumakov Institute of Poliomyelitis and Viral EncephalitidesRussian Academy of Medical SciencesLeninsky District, Moscow RegionRussia
  2. 2.Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations