Paleontological Journal

, Volume 44, Issue 4, pp 457–467 | Cite as

New data on trematosauroid labyrinthodonts of Eastern Europe: 2. Trematosaurus galae sp. nov.: Cranial morphology



The cranial morphology of a new species of the genus of Trematosaurus, T. galae sp. nov., represented by fragmentary specimens from the Lower Triassic Donskaya Luka locality (Volgograd Region), is described in detail. The diagnosis of the genus Trematosaurus is amended.

Key words

Trematosauroidea Trematosaurus cranial morphology Lower Triassic Eastern Europe 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    C. F. W. Braun, “Ueber zwei von ihm bei Bernburg entdeckte Saurier,” Verh. Ges. Deutsch. Naturforsch. 9, 74–75 (1842).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. F. W. Braun, “Ueber Trematosaurus,” Neues Jahrb. Min. Geol. Paläontol. 569–571 (1844).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. Broom, “Notice on Some New South African Fossil Amphibians and Reptiles,” Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 7, 270–278 (1909).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    H. Burmeister, Die Labyrinthodonten aus dem bunten Sandstein von Bernburg: 1. Abteilung. Trematosaurus (Reimer, Berlin, 1849).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. P. Bystrow and I. A. Efremov, “Benthosushus sushkini Efr., a Labyrinthodont from the Eotriassic of the Sharzhenga River,” Tr. Paleontol. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR 10(1), 1–102 (1940).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    I. A. Efremov, “Materials of Permian—Triassic Labyrinthodonts,” Tr. Paleontol. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR 1, 57–67 (1932).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. N. Getmanov, “Triassic Amphibians of the East Europe Platform,” 236, 1–102 (1989).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    W. R. Hammer, “Paleoecology and Phylogeny of the Trematosauridae,” in Gondwana Six: Stratigraphy, Sedimentology and Paleontology, Ed. by G. D. McKenzie (Am. Geophys. Union, Washington, 1987), pp. 73–83.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. H. Haughton, “Investigations in South African Fossil Reptiles and Amphibia: On a New Species of Trematosaurus (T. Sobeyi),” Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 12, 47–51 (1915).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. H. Haughton, “Investigations in South African Fossil Reptiles and Amphibia: Descriptive Catalogue of the Amphibia of the Karroo System,” Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 22, 227–261 (1925).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. F. Ivakhnenko, V. K. Golubev, Yu. M. Gubin, et al., “Permian and Triassic Tetrapods of Eastern Europe,” Tr. Paleontol. Inst. Ross. Akad. Nauk 268, 1–216 (1997).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    J.-P. Lehman, “Nouveaux stégocéphales de Madagascar,” Ann. Paléontol. 7(2), 117–139 (1966).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    J.-P. Lehman, “Nouveaux trématosaures de Madagascar: les stégocéphales Malgaches et leur paleoecologie,” Ann. Paléontol. Vertebr. 65, 35–53 (1979).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    J.-M. Mazin and P. Janvier, “L'anatomie de Lyrocephaliscus euri (Wiman), Trématosaure du Trias inférieur du Spitsbergen: arriére-carne, squelette axial et ceinture scapulaire,” Palaeovertebrata 13, 13–31 (1983).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    I. V. Novikov, “New Early Triassic Labyrinthodonts of the Middle Fore-Urals,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 1, 86–100 (1990).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    I. V. Novikov, “El mayor yacimiento de tetrapodos del Triásico Temprano en Europa Oriental: ciencia y geoturismo,” Natural. Aragon., No. 17, 18–22 (2006).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    I. V. Novikov, “New Data on Trematosauroid Labyrinthodonts of Eastern Europe: 1. Genus Inflectosaurus Shishkin, 1960,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 2, 51–58 (2007).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    I. V. Novikov, A. G. Sennikov, M. G. Minikh, et al., “New Data on the Early Triassic Vertebrate Locality of Donskaya Luka (Volgograd Region): 2,” Geol. Razved., No. 2, 43–53 (2002).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    G. Säve-Söderbergh, “On the Morphology of Triassic Stegocephalians from Spitzbergen and the Interpretation of the Endocranium in the Labyrinthodontia,” Kgl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl., Ser. 3 16(1), 1–181 (1936).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    R. R. Schoch and A. R. Milner, “Stereospondyli,” in Encyclopedia of Paleoherpetology (2000) Part 3B, pp. 1–203.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    R. R. Schoch and R. Werneburg, “The Triassic Labyrinthodonts from Germany,” Zbl. Geol. Paläontol. 1(7–8), 629–650 (1998).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    W. Seidlitz, von, “Trematosaurus fuchsi, ein Labyrinthodont aus dem thüringischen Buntsandstein,” Palaeontographica 63, 87–96 (1920).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    M. A. Shishkin, “On a New Family of Triassic Labyrinthodonts, Yarengiidae,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 1, 97–106 (1960a).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    M. A. Shishkin, “A New Triassic Trematosaurid, Inflectosaurus amplus,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 2, 130–148 (1960b).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    M. A. Shishkin, “Suborder Stereospondyli,” in Fundamentals of Paleontology: Amphibians, Reptiles, and Birds (Nauka, Moscow, 1964), pp. 83–112 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    M. A. Shishkin, “A Brachyopoid Labyrinthodont from the Triassic of the Russian Platform,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 2, 93–108 (1966).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    M. A. Shishkin, “On the Cranial Arterial System of the Labyrinthodonts,” Acta Zool. 20, 1–22 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    M. A. Shishkin, “Morphology of Ancient Amphibians and the Problems of Evolution of Lower Tetrapods,” Tr. Paleontol. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR 137, 1–257 (1973).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    M. A. Shishkin and J. Welman, “A New Find of Trematosuchus (Amphibia, Temnospondyli) from the Cynognathus Zone of South Africa,” Palaeontol. Afr. 31, 39–49 (1994).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    P. P. Sushkin, “On the Modification of the Mandibular and Hyoid Arches and Their Relations to the Braincase in the Early Tetrapods,” Paläontol. Z. 8(4), 263–321 (1927).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    D. M. S. Watson, “The Structure, Evolution and Origin of the Amphibia: The Orders Rhachitomi and Stereospondyli,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London B 209, pp. 1–73 (1919).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    S. P. Welles, “A Review of the Lonchorhynchine Trematosaurs (Labyrinthodontia), and a Description of a New Genus and Species from the Lower Moenkopi Formation of Arizona,” Paleobios 14(3), 1–24 (1993).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    R. Werneburg, “Trematosaurus (Amphibia) aus dem Mittleren Buntsandstein (Untertrias) von Thüringen,” Veröff. Naturhist. Mus. Schleusingen., No. 7/8, 17–29 (1993).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    C. Wiman, “über die Stegocephalen aus der Trias Spitzbergens,” Bull. Geol. Inst. Uppsala 13(1914), 1–34 (1915).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Borissiak Paleontological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations