Paleontological Journal

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 463–468 | Cite as

Remalcis and Epiphyton as different stages in the life cycle of calcareous algae

  • V. A. LuchininaEmail author


Although the calcareous algae Renalcis and Epiphyton, which were main reef-constructors at the end of the Late Proterozoic, beginning of the Cambrian, and, partially, in the Devonian, long attracted the attention of scientists, their nature long remained enigmatic. Numerous revisions inclined to the opinion that Renalcis only existed and considered Chabakovia, Shuguria, Izhella, and even Epiphyton as synonyms of the former genus. However, convincing proofs for this conclusion were lacking. I propose a new morphological interpretation of the Renalcis group, based on Gemma with its unique preservation of monospores within the colony, which overgrew outside the colony first in Korilophyton and then in Epiphyton. It was concluded that the life cycle of Epiphyton included heteromorphous stages of Renalcis (Izhella), Chabakovia (Shuguria), Gemma, and dendroid Korilophyton.

Key words

microbial carbonates calcareous algae life cycle Rhodophyta 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    B. I. Chuvashov, “Foraminiferans and Algae from the Upper Devonian Deposits of the Western Slope of the Central and Southern Urals,” in Foraminiferans of the Devonian and Permian of the Urals: Proceedings of the Institute of Geology of the Ural Branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Issue 74 (Ural’sk. Filial Akad. Nauk SSSR, Sverdlovsk, 1965), pp. 3–153 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    B. I. Chuvashov, O. V. Yuferev, and V. A. Luchinina, “Algae of the Middle and Upper Devonian of Western Siberia and the Urals,” in Biostratigraphy of the Paleozoic of Western Siberia (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1985), pp. 72–99 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    B. I. Chuvashov, V. A. Luchinina, V. P. Shuiskii, et al., Fossil Calcareous Algae (Morphology, Systematics, and Methods of Investigation) (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1987) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    N. A. Drozdova, Algae in the Organogenic Structures of the Lower Cambrian of Western Mongolia (Nauka, Moscow, 1980) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. B. Gushchin, “On the Emergence of the ‘Generic’ and ’specific’ Characters of the Problematic Genera Izhella and Shuguria,” in Calcareous Algae and Stromatolites (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1988), pp. 22–25 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    K. B. Korde, Algae of the Cambrian of the Southeastern Siberian Platform (Akad. Nauk SSSR, Moscow, 1961) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    K. B. Korde, Cambrian Algae (Nauka, Moscow, 1973) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    V. A. Luchinina, Paleoalgological Characterization of the Early Cambrian of the Siberian Platform (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1975) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    V. A. Luchinina, “Algal Structures of the Early Paleozoic of the Northern Siberian Platform,” in Environment and Life in the Geological Past (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1985), pp. 45–50 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    V. A. Luchinina, “Blue-Green Algae (Cyanobacteria),” in Fossil Calcareous Algae (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1987), pp. 5–38 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. A. Luchinina, “Subdivision and Correlation of the Vendian-Cambrian Boundary Beds of the Siberian Platform Based on Calcareous Algae,” in Biostratigraphy and Paleontology of the Cambrian of Northern Asia (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1990), pp. 32–43 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    V. A. Luchinina, “A Review of the Taxonomic Diversity and Geographical Distribution of Ordovician Calcareous Algae,” in Paleogeography and Global Correlation of Ordovician Events (Izd. Akad. Narodnyi Dom “Geo,” Novosibirsk, 2006) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    V. A. Luchinina and A. A. Terleev, “Peculiarities in the Development of Early Cambrian Calcareous Algae on the Siberian Platform,” Acta Micropalaeontol. Sin. 20(1), 31–38 (2003).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. V. Maksimova, “Algae-Rock-Forming Organisms and Algal Facies,” in Environment and Life in the Geological Past: Paleobiocenoses and Depositional Conditions, Ed. by I. T. Zhuravleva (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1977), pp. 70–79 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    B. Mamet and A. Roux, “Algues dévono-carboniféres de l’Australie,” Rev. Micropaléontol. 26, 63–131 (1983).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    V. P. Maslov, Atlas of Rock-Forming Organisms (Nauka, Moscow, 1973) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. Riding, “Calcified Cyanobacteria,” in Calcareous Algae and Stromatolites, Ed. by R. Riding (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), pp. 55–87.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    V. D. Saltovskaya, “Foraminiferans or Algae? (On Morphology and Classification of the Family Renalcidae Riding and Brasier, 1975),” in Problematic Forms of the Paleozoic and Mesozoic (Nauka, Moscow, 1984), pp. 7–16 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    G. R. South and A. Wittick, Introduction to Phycology (Blackwell Sci. Publ., Oxford, 1987; Mir, Moscow, 1990).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    V. P. Shuiskii, Calcareous Reef-Building Algae of the Lower Devonian of the Ural Mountains (Nauka, Moscow, 1973) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. A. Terleev and V. A. Luchinina, “New Facts Regarding the Nature of the Genus Epiphyton Bornemann, 1886,” Novosti Paleontol. Stratigr. Pril. Zh. “Geol. Geofiz.”, Nos. 2–3, 173–177 (2000).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    A. A. Terleev and V. A. Luchinina, “New Morphological Elements in the Genus Epiphyton Bornemann 1886,” in Evolution of the Biosphere and Biodiversity, Ed. by S. V. Rozhnov (KMK, Moscow, 2006), pp. 147–151 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    D. Vachard, “Algues, pseudo-algues et microfaciés carbonates du Dévonien du Domaine Ligérien (Massif Armoricain, France),” Palaeontogr. Abt. B 229, 53–113 (1993).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    D. Vachard and B. Clément, “L’Hastarien (ex-Tournaisien inférieur et moyen) á algues et foraminiféres de la zone pélagonienne (Attique, Gréce),” Rev. Micropaléontol. 37(4), 289–319 (1994).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    A. G. Vologdin, “Archaeocyatha and Algae of the Middle Cambrian of the Southern Urals,” Probl. Paleontol., No. 5, 210–245 (1939).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    A. G. Vologdin, Archaeocyatha and Algae from the Cambrian Limestones of Mongolia and Tuva (Akad. Nauk SSSR, Moscow, 1940), Part 1 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    L. G. Voronova and V. A. Luchinina, Calcareous Algae of the Nemakit-Daldynian Horizon,” in Vendian System: Paleontology, Ed. by B. S. Sokolov and A. B. Ivanovskii (Nauka, Moscow, 1985), pp. 162–169 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    L. G. Voronova and V. V. Missarzhevsky, “Records of Algae and Worm Tubes from the Cambrian-Precambrian Boundary Beds in the Northern Siberian Platform,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 184(1), 207–210 (1969).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Trofimuk Institute of Oil-and-Gas Geology and Geophysics, Siberian DivisionRussian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia

Personalised recommendations