Paleontological Journal

, Volume 42, Issue 12, pp 1393–1404 | Cite as

Association of vegetative and reproductive organs of platanoids (Angiospermae): significance for systematics and phylogeny

  • N. P. Maslova


Some examples of association between platanoid leaves and various reproductive structures are considered. The expediency of determining dispersed Cretaceous platanoid leaves using a morphological system that is independent of the system of modern plants is discussed. It is confirmed that leaf structures are more conservative than reproductive organs. It is proposed that, in the geological past, there was a polymorphic group that was probably represented by extinct families which gave rise to modern families (in particular, Platanaceae and Hamamelidaceae).

Key words

Vegetative and reproductive plant organs Platanaceae Hamamelidaceae principles of systematics and phylogeny 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    “Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 2003: An Update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group Classification for the Orders and Families of the Flowering Plants: APG II,” Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 141, 399–436 (2003).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. L. Bogle, “The Floral Morphology and Vascular Anatomy of the Hamamelidaceae: Subfamily Liquidambaroideae,” Ann. Miss. Bot. Garden 73(2), 325–347 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Č. Bůžek, F. Holý, and Z. Kvaček, “Eine bemerkenswerte Art der Familie Platanaceae Lindl. (1836) in nordböhmischen Tertiär,” Monat. Deutschl. Akad. Wissen. Berlin 9, 203–215 (1967).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. J. Carpenter, R. S. Hill, and G. J. Jordan, “Leaf Cuticular Morphology Links Platanaceae and Proteaceae,” Int. J. Plant Sci. 166(5), 843–855 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    P. R. Crane, “Paleobotanical Evidence on the Early Radiation of Nonmagnoliid Dicotyledons,” Pl. Syst. Evol. 162, 165–191 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. R. Crane, S. R. Manchester, and D. L. Dilcher, “Morphology and Phylogenetic Significance of the Angiosperm Platanites hybridicus from the Palaeocene of Scotland,” Palaeontology 31, 503–517 (1988).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    P. R. Crane, K. R. Pedersen, E. M. Friis, and A. N. Drinnan, “Early Cretaceous (Early to Middle Albian) Platanoid Inflorescences Associated with Sapindopsis leaves from the Potomac Group of Eastern North America,” Syst. Bot. 18(2), 328–344. 1993.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    W. L. Crepet and K. Nixon, “The Fossil History of Stamens,” in The Anther: Form, Function and Phylogeny, Ed. by G. D’Arcy and R. C. Keating (UP, Cambridge, 1996), pp. 25–57.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    W. L. Crepet, K.C. Nixon, E. M. Friis, and J. V. Freudenstein, “Oldest Fossil Flowers of Hamamelidaceous Affinity, from the Late Cretaceous of New Jersey,” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 89, 8986–8989 1992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. Cronquist, An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants (Columbia Univ. Press, New York, 1981).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    W. M. Fontaine, “The Potomac or Younger Mesozoic Flora,” US Geol. Surv. Monogr. 15, 1–375 (1889).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. Forbes, “A Note on the Vegetable Remains from Ardtun Head,” Quart. J. Geol. Soc. London 7, 1–112 (1851).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    E. M. Friis, P. R. Crane, K. R. Pedersen, “Reproductive Structures of Cretaceous Platanaceae,” Kong. Dan. Vidensk. Selskab Biol. Skrifter 31, 1–55 (1988).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    L. B. Golovneva, “A New Platanaceous Genus Tasymia (Angiosperms) from the Turonian of Siberia,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 2, 86–95 (2008) [Paleontol. J. 42 (2), 192–202 (2008)].Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. B. Herman, “The Diversity of the Cretaceous Platanoids of the Anadyr-Koryak Subregion in the Context of the Climatic Change,” Stratigr. Geol. Correlyatsiya 2(4), 62–77 (1994).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    L. J. Hickey and J. A. Doyle, “Early Cretaceous Fossil Evidence for Angiosperm Evolution,” Bot. Rev. 43, 3–104 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. N. Kapil and U. Kaul, “Embryologically Little Known Taxon—Parrotiopsis jacquemontiana,” Phytomorphology 22, 234–245 (1972).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    T. M. Kodrul and N. P. Maslova, “A New Species of the Genus Platimeliphyllum N. Maslova from the Paleocene of the Amur Region, Russia,” Paleontol. J. 41(11), 1108–1117 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    V. A. Krassilov, Tsagayan Flora of the Amur Region (Nauka, Moscow, 1976) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    V. A. Krassilov and P. V. Shilin, “New Platanoid Staminate Heads from the Mid-Cretaceous of Kazakhstan,” Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 85, 207–211 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    V. A. Krassilov, L. Zeev, E. Nevo, and N. Silantieva, Late Cretaceous (Turonian) Flora of Southern Negev, Israel (Pensoft, Sofia, 2005).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Z. Kvaček, S. R. Manchester, and Shuang-xing Guo, “Trifoliolate Leaves of Platanus bella (Heer) comb. n. from the Paleocene of North America, Greenland, and Asia and Their Relationships among Extinct and Extant Platanaceae,” Int. J. Plant Sci. 162(2), 441–458 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Z. Kvaček and S. R. Manchester, “Vegetative and Reproductive Structures of the Extinct Platanus neptuni from the Tertiary of Europe and Relationships within the Platanaceae,” Plant Syst. Evol. 244, 1–29 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    I. V. Lebedev, “The Kasskii Assemblage,” in Atlas of Index Forms of Extinct Fauna and Flora of Western Siberia (Gosgeoltekhizdat, Moscow, 1955), pp. 196–205 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    S. Magallón-Puebla, P. S. Herendeen, and P. R. Crane, “Quadriplatanus georgianus gen. et sp. nov.: Staminate and Pistillate Platanaceous Flowers from the Late Cretaceous (Coniacian-Santonian) of Georgia, USA,” Int. J. Plant Sci. 158(3), 373–394 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    S. R. Manchester, “Vegetation and Reproductive Morphology of an Extinct Plane Tree (Platanaceae) from the Eocene of Western North America,” Bot. Gaz. 147, 200–226 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    N. P. Maslova, “The Genus Platanus L. (Platanaceae Dumortier) in the Paleocene of Kamchatka,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 2, 88–93 (1997) [Paleontol. J. 31 (2), 208–214 (1997)].Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    N. P. Maslova, “A New Plant of the Family Platanaceae from the Early Paleogene, Reconstructed on the Basis of Leaves and Inflorescences,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 2, 89–101 (2002) [Paleontol. J. 36 (2), 207–218 (2002)].Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    N. P. Maslova, “Extinct and Extant Platanaceae and Hamamelidaceae: Morphology, Systematics, and Phylogeny,” Paleontol. J. 37(Suppl. 5), 467–589 (2003).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    N. P. Maslova and L. B. Golovneva, “A Hamamelid Inflorescence with in situ Pollen Grains from the Cenomanian of Eastern Siberia,” Paleontol. J. 34(Suppl. 1), 40–49 (2000a).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    N. P. Maslova and L. B. Golovneva, “Lindacarpa gen. et sp. nov., a New Hamamelid Fructification from the Upper Cretaceous of Eastern Siberia,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 4, 100–106 (2000b) [Paleontol. J. 34 (4), 462–468 (2000b)].Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    N. P. Maslova, L. B. Golovneva, and M. V. Tekleva, “Infructescences of Kasicarpa gen. nov. (Hamamelidales) from the Late Cretaceous (Turonian) of the Chulym-Enisey Depression, Western Siberia, Russia,” Acta Paleobot. 45(2), 121–137 (2005).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    N. P. Maslova, N. V. Gordenko, and L. D. Volkova, “Epidermal Structure of Leaves in Platanus acerifolia Willd. (Platanaceae) and Its Significance in Identification of the Cretaceous Platanoid Leaves,” Botan. Zh. 97(3), 98–995 (2008).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    N. P. Maslova and A. B. Herman, “New Finds of Fossil Hamamelids and Data on the Phylogenetic Relationships between the Platanaceae and Hamamelidaceae,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 5, 94–105 (2004) [Paleontol. J. 38 (5), 563–575 (2004)].Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    N. P. Maslova and A. B. Herman, “Infructescences of Friisicarpus nom. nov. (Platanaceae) and Associated Foliage of the Platanoid Type from the Cenomanian of Western Siberia,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 1, 103–106 (2006) [Paleontol. J. 40 (1), 109–113 (2006)].Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    N. P. Maslova and T. M. Kodrul, “New Platanaceous Fructification Archaranthus gen. nov. from the Maastrichtian-Paleocene of the Amur Region,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 1, 92–100 (2003) [Paleontol. Zh. 37 (1), 89–98 (2003)].Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    N. P. Maslova, T. M. Kodrul, and M. V. Tekleva, “A New Taxon of Staminate Inflorescences Bogutchanthus gen. nov. (Hamamelidales) from the Paleocene of the Amur Region, Russia” Paleontol. Zh., No. 5, 89–103 (2007) [Paleontol. J. 41 (5), 564–579 (2007)].Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    N. P. Maslova and V. A. Krassilov, “New Hamamelid Infructescences from the Palaeocene of Western Kamchatka, Russia,” Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 97, 67–78 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    N. P. Maslova and V. A. Krassilov, “A New Genus of Platanaceae from the Paleocene of the Amur Region,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 1, 106–110 (2002) [Paleontol. J. 36 (1), 102–106 (2002)].Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    N. P. Maslova, M. G. Moiseeva, A. B. Herman, and J. Kva ek, “Did Plane Tree Exist in the Cretaceous?,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 4, 98–110 (2005) [Paleontol. J. 39 (4), 440–453 (2005)].Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    R. A. Mindell, R. A. Stockey, and G. Beardt, “Anatomically Preserved Staminate Inflorescences of Gynoplatananthus oysterbayensis gen. et sp. nov. (Platanaceae) and Associated Pistillate Fructifications from the Eocene of Vancouver Island, British Columbia,” Int. J. Plant Sci. 167(3), 591–600 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    M. G. Moiseeva, “New Taxa of Morphological Classification of Angiosperms from the Maastrichtian of the Amaam Lagoon, Northeastern Russia,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 3, 92–105 (2008) [Paleontol. J. 42 (3), 313–327 (2008)].Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    K. R. Pedersen, E. M. Friis, P. R. Crane, and A. N. Drinnan, “Reproductive Structures of an Extinct Platanoid from the Early Cretaceous (Latest Albian) of Eastern North America,” Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 80, 291–303 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    K. B. Pigg and R. A. Stockey, “Platanaceous Plants from the Paleocene of Alberta, Canada,” Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 70(1/2), 125–146 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    P. V. Shilin, Late Cretaceous Floras of Kazakhstan: Taxonomic Composition, History of Development, and Stratigraphic Significance (Nauka, Alma-Ata, 1986) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    A. L. Takhtajan, The System and Phylogeny of Flowering Plants (Moscow-Leningrad, Nauka, 1966) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    A. L. Takhtajan, The System of Magnoliophyta (Nauka, Leningrad, 1987) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    G. R. Upchurch, “Cuticle Evolution in Early Cretaceous Angiosperms from the Potomac Group of Virginia and Maryland,” Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 71, 522–550 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    H. Walter, “Das Tertiar-Vorkommen der Gattung Platanus L. im Tertiar des Weibelster-Beckens (Bezirk Leipzig, DDR),” Hall. Jb. Geowiss. 10, 9–19 (1985).Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    X. Q. Wang and H. M. Li, “Discovery of Another Living Fossil—Shaniodendron subaequale (H. T. Chang) Deng et al. in China—Clearing up Paleobotanists a Long-term Doubt,” Acta Palaeontol. Sin. 39(Suppl.), 308–317 (2000).Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Z. K. Zhou, W. L. Crepet, K. C. Nixon, “The Earliest Fossil Evidence of the Hamamelidaceae: Late Cretaceous (Turonian) Inflorescences and Fruits of Altingioideae,” Am. J. Bot. 88(5), 753–766 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Paleontological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations