Advertisement

Paleontological Journal

, Volume 42, Issue 6, pp 607–614 | Cite as

The placoderm Plourdosteus livonicus (Eastman) in the early Frasnian of the Central Devonian Field and the trophic structure of the Mikhailovskii Fish Assemblage

  • S. V. Moloshnikov
Article

Abstract

The placoderm Plourdosteus livonicus (Eastman) (Euarthrodira, Coccosteina) from the Upper Timanian Mikhailovskii Fish Assemblage of the Central Devonian Field is described. The composition and structure of the assemblage are discussed and compared with later Frasnian fish assemblages of the Central Devonian Field.

Key words

Placodermi Devonian Early Frasnian Central Devonian Field European Russia 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    C. R. Eastman, “Observations on the Dorsal Shields in the Dinichthyids,” Am. Geol. 18(4), 222–223 (1896).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. N. Esin, “Peculiarities of Trophic Orientation Changes in Palaeoniscoid Assemblages from the Upper Permian of the European Part of Russia,” Modern Geol. 21, 185–195 (1997).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. Esin, M. Ginter, A. Ivanov, et al., “Vertebrate Correlation of the Upper Devonian and Lower Carboniferous on the East European Platform,” Cour. Forsch.-Inst. Senckenb., No. 223, 341–359 (2000).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    W. Gross, “Die Fische des baltischen Devons,” Palaeontogr. Abh. 79, 1–97 (1933).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Ivanov, “Late Devonian Vertebrate Fauna of the South Urals,” Geobios, No. 19, 357–359 (1995).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Ivanov and M. Ginter, “Comments on the Late Devonian Placoderms from the Holy Cross Mountains (Poland),” Acta Palaeontol. Polon. 42(3), 413–426 (1997).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. Ivanov and E. Lukševičs, “Late Devonian Vertebrates of the Timan,” Daba Muzejs, No. 6, 22–33 (1996).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. O. Ivanov, “The Placoderms Plourdosteus livonicus (Eastman) from the Lower Frasnian of the Main Devonian Field,” in Paleontology and Stratigraphy of the Phanerozoic of Latvia and the Baltic Sea (Zinatne, Riga, 1992a), pp. 38–45 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. O. Ivanov, “Finds of Ptyctodontids (Placodermi) in the Upper Devonian Deposits of the East European Platform,” Vopr. Paleontol. Mezhvuz. Sborn. 10, 133–137 (1992b).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. O. Ivanov, “Frasnian Arthrodira (Placodermi, Brachythoraci) from the East European Platform,” Candidate’s Dissertation in Geology and Mineralogy (St. Peterb. Gos. Univ., St. Petersburg, 1997).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. O. Ivanov, D. P. Plaksa, and E. V. Lukshevich, “The Early Frasnian Ichthyofauna from the Vicinity of Ruba (Northeastern Belarus),” in International Scientific Conference on the Stratigraphy and Paleontology of Geological Formations of Belarus, Devoted to the 100th Anniversary of the Birthday of A. V. Fursienko, January 30–31, 2003 (Inst. Geol. Nats. Akad. Nauk Belarus, Minsk, 2003), p. 142 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. A. Ivanova and D. V. Obruchev, “Fishes,” Tr. Paleontol. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR 69 (Development of the Fauna in the Middle and Upper Carboniferous Sea of the Western Part of the Moscow Syneclise in Connection with Its History, Ed. by E. A. Ivanova), 144–146 (1958).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    N. Krupina, “Some Data on the Ontogeny of Devonian Dipnoans,” in Fossil Fishes As Living Animals, Ed. by E. Mark-Kurik (Inst. Geol. Acad. Sci. Estonia, Tallinn, 1992), pp. 215–222.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. V. Kuzmin, “New Species of Frasnian Conodonts from the Middle Timan,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 4, 65–72 (2001) [Paleontol. J. 35 (4), 401–409 (2001)].Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. Kuzmin and A. Ivanov, “Late Givetian-Frasnian Conodont and Vertebrate Assemblages of the Middle Timan, Russia,” Ichthyolith, Iss. Spec. Publ., No. 4, 26–27 (1998).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    O. Lebedev, “The Latest Devonian, Khovanian Vertebrate Assemblage of Andreyevka-2 Locality, Tula Region, Russia,” in Fossil Fishes As Living Animals, Ed. by E. Mark-Kurik (Inst. Geol. Acad. Sci. Estonia, Tallinn, 1992), pp. 265–272.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    O. A. Lebedev, “The First Tetrapods: Search and Discovery,” Priroda, No. 11, 26–36 (1985).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    O. A. Lebedev, “Vertebrate Communities in the Middle Carboniferous Seas of the Russian Platform,” in Obruchev Symposium on Evolutionary Palaeoichthyology: Programm, Abstract (Paleontol. Inst. Ross. Akad. Nauk, Moscow, 2001), p. 25.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    O. A. Lebedev, “Aquatic Vertebrates from the Middle Carboniferous of Central Russia,” Candidate’s Dissertation in Biology (Paleontol. Inst. Ross. Akad. Nauk, Moscow, 2002).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    E. Lukševičs, “Palaeoichthyocenoses of the Famennian Brackish Seas of the Baltic Area,” in Fossil Fishes As Living Animals, Ed. by E. Mark-Kurik (Inst. Geol. Acad. Sci. Estonia, Tallinn, 1992), pp. 273–280.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    L. A. Lyarskaja, “Zones and Assemblages of the Ichthyofauna in the Devonian of Latvia,” in Sketches on Geology of Latvia, Ed. by A. P. Brangulis (Zinatne, Riga, 1978), pp. 64–76 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    L. A. Lyarskaja, Placoderms from the Devonian of the Baltic Region: Asterolepidae (Zinatne, Riga, 1981) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    E. Mark-Kurik, “Trophic Relations of Devonian Fishes,” Geobios, No. 19, 121–123 (1995).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    E. Mark-Kurik, “The Middle Devonian Fishes of the Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia) and Belarus,” Cour. Forsch.-Inst. Senckenberg., No. 223, 309–324 (2000).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    S. V. Moloshnikov, “New Data on Pycnosteus palaeformis Preobrazhensky (Heterostraci, Psammosteiformes) from the Aruküla Deposits of the Leningrad Region,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 4, 73–78 (2001a) [Paleontol. J. 35 (4), 410–414 (2001)].Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    S. V. Moloshnikov, “Exoskeleton of the Middle Devonian Psammosteid Pycnosteus palaeformis (Agnatha Psammosteida) and Its Role in Communities,” Byull. Mosk. O-va Ispyt. Prir., Otd. Geol. 76(1), 70 (2001b).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. V. Moloshnikov, “Frasnian Antiarchs (Pisces, Placodermi) of the Central Devonian Field,” Izv. Vuzov Geol. Razved., No. 4, 12–19 (2002).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    S. V. Moloshnikov, “Antiarchs (Pisces, Placodermi) from the Middle and Upper Devonian of the Central Devonian Field” Candidate’s Dissertation in Geology and Mineralogy (Mosk. Gos. Univ., Moscow, 2003).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    S. V. Moloshnikov, “Psammosteiforms (Agnatha, Heterostraci) from the Lower Frasnian of the Mikhailovskii Mine, Kursk Region, Russia,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 5, 84–88 (2007) [Paleontol. J. 41 (5), 558–563 (2007)].Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    S. V. Moloshnikov, “Devonian Antiarchs (Pisces, Antiarchi) from Central and Southern European Russia,” Paleontol. J. 42(Suppl. 1) (2008).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    G. V. Nikol’skii, Ecology of Fish (Vyssh. Shkola, Moscow, 1961) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    L. Novitskaya, “Heterostracans: Their Ecology, Internal Morphology and Ontogeny,” in Fossil Fishes As Living Animals, Ed. by E. Mark-Kurik (Inst. Geol. Acad. Sci. Estonia, Tallinn, 1992), pp. 51–59.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    L. I. Novitskaya, “Paleoecological Prerequisites of the Formation of Amphiaspid Faunas in Siberia,” in International Geological Congress on Paleontology and Marine Geology (Nauka, Moscow, 1976), pp. 95–103 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    L. I. Novitskaya, V. N. Talimaa, and O. A. Lebedev, “Agnathans and Fish in the Ecosystems of Devonian Lagoons of Siberia and the Russian Platform,” Tr. Paleontol. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR 194 (Problems of Ecology of the Fauna and Flora of Ancient Basins), 86–97 (1983).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    D. V. Obruchev, “The Class Placodermi,” in Fundamentals of Paleontology: Agnathans and Fishes, Ed. by Yu. A. Orlov (Nauka, Moscow, 1964), pp. 118–174 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    O. P. Obrucheva, “Two Species of Plourdosteus (Arthrodira) from the Upper Devonian of the USSR,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 3, 78–94 (1959).Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    O. P. Obrucheva, Placoderms of the Devonian of the USSR (Coccosteids and Dinichthyids) (Mosk. Gos. Univ., Moscow, 1962) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    O. P. Obrucheva, “New Data on Coccosteids (Placoderms) from the Devonian of the Baltic Region,” in Paleontology and Stratigraphy of the Baltic Region and Belarus, Ed. by A. A. Grigyalis (Mintis, Vilnius, 1966), Vol. 1(6), pp. 151–189 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    O. P. Obrucheva and E. D. Obrucheva, “Fishes of the Central Devonian Field,” in Sketches on the Phylogeny and Systematics of Extinct Fishes and Agnathans (Nauka, Moscow, 1977), Vol. 2, pp. 24–28 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    D. P. Plaksa, “On the Stratigraphy of the Middle and Upper Devonian Deposits of Southeastern Belarus (Based on the Ichthyofauna),” Litasfera, No. 2 (25), 25–36 (2006).Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    D. P. Plaksa, “Devonian (Late Emsian-Frasnian) Ichthyofauna of Belarus and Its Stratigraphic Significance,” Candidate’s Dissertation in Geology and Mineralogy (Inst. Geol. Geofiz. Nats. Akad. Nauk Belarus, Minsk, 2007).Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    G. D. Rodionova, V. T. Umnova, L. I. Kononova, et al., The Devonian of the Voronezh Anteclise and Moscow Syneclise (Tsentr. Region. Geol. Tsentr, Moscow, 1995) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    E. Yu. Sammet, “Devonian System,” in Geology of the USSR, Vol. 1: The Leningrad, Pskov, and Novgorod Regions, Geological Description, Ed. by V. A. Selivanova (Nedra, Moscow, 1971), pp. 173–245 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    V. S. Sorokin, “Middle Frasnian (Semilukian) Substage of Middle Timan,” Izv. Vuzov, Geol. Razved., No. 2, 27–45 (1996).Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    V. S. Sorokin, L. A. Lyarskaya, L. S. Savvaitova, et al., The Devonian and Carboniferous of the Baltic Region, Ed. by V. S. Sorokin (Zinatne, Riga, 1981) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    I. Upeniece, “Trophic Relations of the Lode Organism Assemblage, Lower Frasnian, Latvia,” in Obruchev Symposium on Evolutionary Palaeoichthyology: Programm, Abstract (Paleontol. Inst. Ross. Akad. Nauk, Moscow, 2001), p. 45.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    D. N. Utekhin, “Devonian System,” in Geology, Hydrogeology, and Iron Ores of the Basin of the Kursk Magnetic Anomaly, Vol. 1: Geology, Part 2: Sedimentary Complex, Ed. by D. N. Utekhin (Nedra, Moscow, 1972), pp. 66–88 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    E. I. Vorobyeva, N. V. Panteleev, and O. V. Kolobayeva, “Upper Devonian Ichthyofauna from the Michailovskij Excavation of the Kursk Magnetic Anomaly, Russia: A Preliminary Report,” Modern Geol. 21, 79–86 (1997).Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    G. V. Zakharenko, “Distribution of Arthrodira (Arthrodira, Placodermi) in the Evlanovo (Late Frasnian) Basin of the Central Devonian Field,” in Paleostrat-2007 (Annual Meeting of the Paleontological Section of the Moscow Society of Nature Explorers): Program and Abstracts, Ed. by A. S. Alekseev (MOIP-MOPO-PIN, Moscow, 2007), pp. 9–10 [in Russian].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Earth Science MuseumMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations