Advertisement

Paleontological Journal

, Volume 41, Issue 11, pp 1068–1076 | Cite as

Early Campanian Grünbach flora of Austria

  • A. B. HermanEmail author
  • J. Kvaček
Article

Abstract

The Grünbach flora from the Grünbach Formation of the Grünbach-Neue Welt Basin, Austria, is dated to the Early Campanian on the basis of foraminifers found in this formation and marine fossils serving as stratigraphic markers in the underlying (Maiersdorf Formation) and overlying (Piesting Formation) deposits. The Grünbach flora enumerates 53 species assigned to the Equisetopsida (1 species), Polypodiopsida (11 species), Cycadopsida (1 species), Pinopsida (4 species), Liliopsida (6 species), and Magnoliopsida (30 species). These plants constituted several plant communities, among which the following are more or less reliably defined: aquatic, swamp/semiaquatic, juglandaceous and palm wetland forest, riparian, and mesophytic forest. The Grünbach flora grew in a humid subtropical frost-free climate with a hot summer and a short and relatively dry, but not arid, period during the year.

Key words

flora Lower Campanian Austria taxonomy plant communities paleoclimate 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    E. Buffetaut, “Revision der Crocodylia (Reptilia) aus den Gosau-Schichten (Ober-Kreide) von Österreich,” Beitr. Paläontol. Österr. 6, 89–105 (1979).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. Bunzel, “Die Reptilfauna der Gosauformation in der neuen Welt bei Wiener-Neustadt,” in Abhandlungen der kaiserlich-königlichen geologischen Reichsanstalt (Wien, 1871–1873), pp. 1–20.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    W. K. Christensen, “Upper Campanian Belemnitella from Austria,” Beiträge zur Paläontologie 22, 13–21 (1998).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    D. L. Dilcher, “Approaches to the Identifications of Angiosperm Leaf Remains,” Bot. Rev. 40(1), 1–157 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    C. von Ettingshausen, “Über fossile Pandaneen,” Sitzungsberichte der math.-naturw. Classe der kais. Akademie der Wissenschaften 8, 489 (1852).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. B. Herman, Late Cretaceous Climate of Eurasia and Alaska (Based on Paleobotanical Data): Proceedings of the Geological Institute, Ross. Acad. Sci., Issue 559 (Nauka, Moscow, 2004) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. B. Herman and J. Kvaček, “Campanian Grünbach Flora of Austria: A Preliminary Report,” in Abstr. 6th Int. Cretaceous Symp., August 27 to September 4, 2000, Vienna, Austria (Vienna, 2000), p. 46.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. B. Herman and J. Kvaček, “Campanian Grünbach Flora of Lower Austria: Preliminary Floristics and Palaeoclimatology,” Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 103A, 1–21 (2002).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. B. Herman and J. Kvaček, “Palaeoclimatic Interpretations of the Grünbach Flora (Early Campanian, Lower Austria),” in Progr. and Abstr. 7th European Palaeobot.-Palynol. Conf., September 6–11, Prague, Czech Republic (National Museum, Prague, 2006), pp. 53–54.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    L. Hradecká, H. Lobitzer, M. Svobodova, and L. Svabenicka, “Biostratigraphy of Selected Exposures in the Grünbach-Neue Welt Gosau Group (Late Cretaceous),” in Abstr. 6th Int. Cretaceous Symp., August 27 to September 4, 2000, Vienna, Austria (Vienna, 2000), p. 51.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    F. Kerner-Marilaun, “Das Klimazeugnis der Gosauformation,” Sber. Österr. Akad. Wiss. Math-Naturw. Kl. Abt. 2a 143(5–6), 267–284 (1934).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    H. A. Kollmann, H. Summesberger, and M. Wagreich, Field Trip C “Cretaceous of Eastern Austria,” in 6th Int. Cretaceous Symp., Vienna, Austria (Vienna, 2000).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    F. Krasser, “Über die fossile Kreideflora von Grünbach in Niederösterreich,” Anz. K. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Naturw., 1–3 (1906).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. Kvaček and A. B. Herman, “Monocotyledons from the Early Campanian (Cretaceous) of Grünbach, Lower Austria,” Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 128, 323–353 (2004a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. Kvaček and A. B. Herman, “The Campanian Grünbach Flora of Lower Austria: Palaeoecological Interpretations,” Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 106A, 91–101 (2004b).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    J. Kvaček and A. B. Herman, “Validation of Araciphyllites austriacus J. Kvaček et Herman (Monocytyledones: Araceae),” J. Nat. Mus. Nat. Hist. Ser. 174(1–4), 1–5 (2005).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    B. Ploechinger, “Die Gosaumulde von Grünbach und der Neuen Welt (Niederösterreich),” Jb. Geol. B. A. 104, 359–441 (1961).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    T. Steuber, “Turonian-Campanian Plagioptychidae (Mollusca: Hippuritoidea) of Gosau-Type Rudist Formations of the Alps (Austria),” Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 106A, 103–121 (2004).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    H. Summesberger, “The Cretaceous of the Grünbach-Neue Welt Basin,” in Climates: Past, Present and Future: 2d European Palaeontol. Congr., Vienna, 1997: Excursion Guide, Ed. by H. A. Kollmann and B. Hubmann (Vienna, 1997), pp. 77–89.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    H. Summesberger, M. Wagreich, K.-A. Tröger, and R. Scholger, “Piesting-Formation, Grünbach-Formation und Maiersdorf-Formation—drei neue lithostratigraphische Termini in der Gosau Gruppe (Oberkreide) von Grünbach und der neue Welt (Niederösterreich),” Ber. Inst. Geol. Paläontol. K.-F.-Univ. Graz 2, 23 (2000).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    H. Summesberger, M. Wagreich, K.-A. Tröger, and R. Scholger, “The Upper Cretaceous of Piesting (Austria): Integrated Stratigraphy of the Piesting Formation (Gosau Group),” in Aspects of Cretaceous Stratigraphy and Palaeobiogeography: Proc. 6th Int. Cretaceous Symp. Vienna, 2000 Ed. by M. Wagreich (Österreichische Akad. der Wissenschaften, Schriftenreihe der Erdwissenschaftlichen Kommissionen, Vienna, 2002), Vol. 15, pp. 373–400.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    K.-A. Tröger, H. Summesberger, M. Wagreich, and R. Scholger, “Early Maastrichtian Inoceramids of the Gosau Group (Austria),” in Abstr. 6th Int. Cretaceous Symp., August 27 to September 4, 2000, Vienna, Austria (Vienna, 2000), p. 138.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    K.-A. Tröger, H. Summesberger, and M. Wagreich, “Early Maastrichtian (Late Cretaceous) Inoceramids from the Piesting Formation (Gosau Group, Austria),” Beiträge zur Paläontologie 26, 145–167 (2001).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    N. W. Uhl and J. Dransfield, “Genera Palmarum, a Classification of Palms Based on the Work of Harold E. Moore, Jr.,” in L.H. Bailey Hortorium and the International Palm Society (Allen Press, Lawrence, Kansas, 1987).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    F. Unger, “Genera et species plantarum fossilium,” in Academia Caesareae Scientiarum (Wilhelm Braumueller, Wien, 1850).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    F. Unger, “Iconographia plantarum fossilium. Abbildungen und Beschreibungen Fossiler Pflanzen,” Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. 4, 73–118 (1852).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    P. Wellnhofer, “Flugsaurierreste aus der Gosau-Kreide von Muthmannsdorf (Niederösterreich)—ein Beitrag zur Kiefermechanik der Pterosaurier,” Mitt. Bayer. Staatsslg. Paläontol. Hist. Geol. 20, 95–112.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    J. A. Wolfe, “Temperature Parameters of Humid to Mesic Forests of Eastern Asia and Relation to Forests of Other Regions of the Northern Hemisphere and Australia,” U.S. Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap. 1106, 1–37 (1979).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    J. A. Wolfe, “A Method of Obtaining Climatic Parameters from Leaf Assemblages,” U.S. Geol. Surv. Bull. 2040, 1–73 (1993).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.National MuseumPragueCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations