Advertisement

Paleontological Journal

, Volume 41, Issue 2, pp 189–197 | Cite as

New records of Azhdarchids (Pterosauria, Azhdarchidae) from the late Cretaceous of Russia, Kazakhstan, and Central Asia

  • A. O. Averianov
Article

Abstract

A review of 12 azhdarchid localities in Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan is given. New records of unidentifiable azhdarchids from the Khodzhakul (Cenomanian), Tyul’keli (Turonian-Coniacian), Kansai (Santonian), Malaya Serdoba, and Beloe Ozero (Campanian) localities and a new taxon, Aralazhdarcho bostobensis gen. et sp. nov. (Shakh-Shakh, Santonian-Campanian), are described.

Key words

Azhdarchidae Pterosauria Late Cretaceous Russia Kazakhstan Central Asia 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    A. O. Averianov, “New Data on Cretaceous Flying Reptiles (Pterosauria) of Russia, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 4, 73–83 (2004) [Paleontol. J. 38 (4), 426–436 (2004)].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. O. Averianov, “Mid-Cretaceous Ornithocheirids (Pterosauria, Ornithocheiridae) from Russia and Uzbekistan,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 1, 75–82 (2007) [Paleontol. J. 41 (1), 79–86 (2007)].Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. O. Averianov, M. S. Arkhangelsky, E. M. Pervushov, and A. V. Ivanov, “A New Record of an Azhdarchid (Pterosauria: Azhdarchidae) from the Upper Cretaceous of the Volga Region,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 4, 91–97 (2005) [Paleontol. J. 39 (4), 433–439 (2005)].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. O. Averianov and A. A. Atabekyan, “The First Discovery of a Flying Reptile (Pterosauria) in Armenia,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 2, 98–100 (2005) [Paleontol. J. 39 (2), 210–212 (2005)].Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    N. N. Bakhurina and D. M. Unwin, “A Survey of Pterosaurs from the Jurassic and Cretaceous of the Former Soviet Union and Mongolia,” Hist. Biol. 10(1), 197–245 (1995).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    C. M. Bell and K. Padian, “Pterosaur Fossils from the Cretaceous of Chile—Evidence for Pterosaur Colony on an Inland Desert Plain,” Geol. Mag. 132(1), 31–38 (1995).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. C. Bennett, “The Osteology and Functional Morphology of the Late Cretaceous Pterosaur Pteranodon: Part 1. General Description and Osteology,” Palaeontogr. Abt. A 260(1–6), 1–112 (2001).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    N. N. Bogolubov, “On a Vertebra of a Pterodactyl from the Upper Cretaceous of the Saratov Region,” Ezhegodn. Geol. Mineral. Ros. 16(1), 1–7 (1914).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    E. Buffetaut, D. Grigorescu, and Z. Csiki, “A New Giant Pterosaur with a Robust Skull from the Latest Cretaceous of Romania,” Naturwissenschaften 89(4), 180–184 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    E. Buffetaut, D. Grigorescu, and Z. Csiki, “Giant Azhdarchid Pterosaurs from the Terminal Cretaceous of Transylvania (Western Romania),” Geol. Soc. Spec. Publ., No. 217 (Evolution and Palaeobiology of Pterosaurs, Ed. by E. Buffetaut and J.-M. Mazin), 91–104 (2003).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Z. Cai and F. Wei, “On a New Pterosaur (Zhejiangopterus linhaiensis gen. et sp. nov.) from Upper Cretaceous in Linhai, Zhejiang, China,” Vertebr. Palasiat. 32(3), 181–194 (1994).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. Frey, M.-C. Buchy, and D. M. Martill, “Middle-and Bottom-Decker Cretaceous Pterosaurs: Unique Designs in Active Flying Vertebrates,” Geol. Soc. Spec. Publ., No. 217 (Evolution and Palaeobiology of Pterosaurs, Ed. by E. Buffetaut and J.-M. Mazin), 267–274 (2003).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. W. A. Kellner and Y. Hasegawa, “Postcranial Skeleton of Tupuxuara (Pterosauria, Pterodactyloidea, Tapejaridae) from the Lower Cretaceous of Brazil,” J. Vertebr. Paleontol. 13(Suppl. 3), 44A (1993).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    J.-C. Lü and Q. Ji, “New Azhdarchid Pterosaur from the Early Cretaceous of Western Lining,” Acct Geol. Sin. 79(3), 301–307 (2005).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    D. M. Martill and E. Frey, “A Possible Azhdarchid Pterosaur from the Crate Formation (Early Cretaceous, Aptian) of Northeast Brazil,” Geol. Mijnb. 78(3–4), 315–318 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    M. R. McGowen, K. Padian, M. A. De Sosa, and R. J. Harmon, “Description of Montanazhdarcho minor, an Azhdarchid Pterosaur from the Two Medicine Formation (Campanian) of Montana,” Paleobios 22(1), 1–9 (2002).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    L. A. Nessov, “Pterosaurians and Birds of the Late Cretaceous of Central Asia,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 1, 47–57 (1984).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    L. A. Nessov, “The First Find of a Late Cretaceous Bird, Ichthyornis in the Old World and Some Other Bones of Birds from the Cretaceous and Paleogene of Central Asia,” Tr. Zool. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR 147, 31–38 (1986).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    L. A. Nessov, “New Birds from the Cretaceous and Paleogene of Central Asia and Kazakhstan and Their Environments,” Tr. Zool. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR 182, 116–123 (1988).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    L. A. Nessov, “Flying Reptiles from the Jurassic and Cretaceous of the USSR and Significance of Their Remains for the Reconstruction of Paleogeographical Conditions,” Vestn. Leningr. Gos. Univ., Ser. 7 4(28), 3–10 (1990).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    L. A. Nessov, “Giant Flying Reptiles of the Family Azhdarchidae: 1. Morphology and Taxonomist,” Vestn. Leningr. Gos. Univ., Ser. 7 2(14), 14–23 (1991a).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    L. A. Nessov, “Giant flying Reptiles of the Family Azhdarchidae: 2. Environments and Sedimentological Conditions of Burials,” Vestn. Leningr. Gos. Univ., Ser. 7 3(21), 16–24 (1991b).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    L. A. Nessov, Dinosaurs of Northern Eurasia: New Data on the Composition of Assemblages, Ecology, and Paleobiogeography (Peterb. Gos. Univ., St. Petersburg, 1995).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    L. A. Nessov, Nonmarine Vertebrates from the Cretaceous of Northern Eurasia (Peterb. Gos. Univ., St. Petersburg, 1997) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    L. A. Nessov and A. A. Yarkov, “New Birds from the Cretaceous-Paleogene of the USSR and Some Remarks on the Origin and Evolution of the Class,” Tr. Zool. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR 197, 78–97 (1989).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    X. Pereda Suberbiola, N. Bardet, S. Jouve, et al., “A New Azhdarchid Pterosaur from the Late Cretaceous Phosphates of Morocco,” Geol. Soc. Spec. Publ., No. 217 (Evolution and Palaeobiology of Pterosaurs, Ed. by E. Buffetaut and J.-M. Mazin), 79–90 (2003).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    D. M. Unwin, “On the Phylogeny and Evolutionary History of Pterosaurs,” Geol. Soc. Spec. Publ., No. 217 (Evolution and Palaeobiology of Pterosaurs, Ed. by E. Buffetaut and J.-M. Mazin), 139–190 (2003).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    D. M. Unwin and N. N. Bakhurina, “Pterosaurs from Russia, Middle Asia and Mongolia,” in The Age of Dinosaurs in Russia and Mongolia, Ed. by M. J. Benton, M. A. Shishkin, D. M. Unwin, and E. N. Kurochkin (Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2000), pp. 420–433.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    D. M. Unwin, N. N. Bakhurina, M. G. Lockley, et al., “Pterosaurs from Asia,” Paleontol. Soc. Korea., Spec. Publ., No. 2, 77–92 (1997).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    D. M. Unwin and L. Lü, “On Zhejiangopterus and the Relationships of Pterodactyloid Pterosaurs,” Hist. Biol. 12, 199–210 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. O. Averianov
    • 1
  1. 1.Zoological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations