Paleontological Journal

, Volume 40, Issue 1, pp 20–33 | Cite as

On the genus Auricullina Vassiljeva, 1998 and shell pores of the Cambrian helcionelloid mollusks

  • P. Yu. Parkhaev


The genus Auricullina Vassiljeva, 1998 and its type species A. papulosa Vassiljeva, 1998 are redescribed based on new well-preserved material, which allows me to revise the generic diagnosis and greatly add to the morphological characterization of the type species. A new species, A. granulosa sp. nov., is described from the Botomian of Australia. The synonymy of the taxa is improved. The morphology and function of shell pores in Cambrian univalved mollusks are discussed.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    L. B. Arey and W. J. Crozier, “The Sensory Responses of Chiton,” J. Exp. Zool. 29, 157–260 (1919).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. M. Baxter, A. M. Jones, and M. G. Sturrock, “The Ultrastructure of Aesthetes in Tonicella marmoreaf (Polyplacophora: Ischnochitonina): A New Functional Hypothesis,” J. Zool. 211, 589–604 (1987).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    P. R. Boyle, “The Aesthetes of Chotons, III: Shell Surface Observations,” Cell and Tissue Res. 172, 379–388 (1976).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    D. R. Currie, “Valve Sculpturing and Aesthete Distributions in Four Species of Australian Chitons (Mollusca: Polyplacophora),” J. Malacol. Soc. Austral. 10, 69–86 (1989).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Feng Weimin and Sun Weiguo, “Phosphate Replicated and Replaced Microstructure of Molluscan Shell from the Earliest Cambrian of China,” Acta Palaeontol. Pol. 48(1), 21–30 (2003).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Feng Weimin, Qian Yi, and Rong Zhiquan, “Study of Monoplacophora and Gastropoda from the Lower Cambrian Xinji Formation in Ye Xian, Henan,” Acta Micropalaeontol. Sin. 11(1), 1–19 (1994).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. I. Gravestock, E. M. Alexander, Yu. E. Demidenko, et al., The Cambrian Biostratigraphy of the Stansbury Basin, South Australia (MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica, Moscow, 2001).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    G. Haszprunar, “On the Origin and Evolution of Major Gastropod Groups, with Special Reference to the Streptoneura,” J. Moll. Stud. 54, 367–441 (1988).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    L. E. Holmer, “Middle Ordovician Phosphatic Inarticulate Brachiopods from Vastergotland and Dalarna, Sweden,” Fossils and Strata, No. 26, 1–172 (1989).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. D. Hudson, “Tubules in Bivalve Shells,” Proc. Malacol. Soc. London 38 (Part 6), 549 (1969).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    D. L. Ivanov and M. P. Memmi, “The Origin of Canals in the Shells of Scaphopoda (Mollusca),” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 306(1), 247–249 (1989).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. Kiel, “Shell Structures of Gastropods from Hydrothermal Vents and Seeps,” in Molluscan Megadiversity: Sea, Land, and Fresh Water: Abstr. 15 World Congr. Malacol., Perth (2004), p. 78.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    G. E. Kirichuk and A. P. Stadnichenko, “The Pore System of Shells of Freshwater and Marine Mussels,” Ruthenica 7(1), 25–29 (1997).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    I. V. Korovnikov, S. M. Rouland, V. A. Luchinina, et al., “Biostratigraphy of the Upper Vendian and the Lower and Middle Cambrian of the Section on the Yenisey River in the Vicinity of Island Plakhinskii (the Northwestern Siberian Platform),” Geol. Geofiz. 43(4), 334–342 (2002).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. V. Kouchinsky, “Shell Microstructure in Early Cambrian Mollusks,” Acta Palaeontol. Pol. 45(2), 119–150 (2000).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    V. V. Missarzhevsky, The Earliest Skeletal Fossils and the Stratigraphy of the Precambrian-Cambrian Boundary Beds (Nauka, Moscow, 1989) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    J. J. Oberling, “Observation on Some Structural Features of the Pelecypod Shell,” Mitt. Nat. Ges. Bern 20, 1–60 (1964).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. Omori and I. Kobayasi, “On the Micro-Canal Structures Found in the Shell of Arca navicularis Bruguiere and Spondylus barbatus Reeve,” Venus 22(3), 274–280 (1963).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    M. Omori, I. Kobayasi, and M. Shibata, “Preliminary Report on the Shell Structure of Glycymeris vestita (Dunker),” Sci. Rep. Tokyo Kyoiku Daig. Sect. C, No. 77; 197–202 (1962).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    P. Yu. Parkhaev, “Phylogenesis and the System of the Cambrian Univalved Mollusks,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 1, 27–39 (2002) [Paleontol. J. 36 (1), 25–36 (2002)].Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    P. Yu. Parkhaev, “Malacofauna of the Lower Cambrian Bystraya Formation of Eastern Transbaikalia,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 6, 9–25 (2004) [Paleontol. J. 38 (6), 590–608 (2004)].Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    P. Yu. Parkhaev, “Two New Species of the Cambrian Helcionelloid Mollusks from the Northern Part of the Siberian Platform,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 6, 43–46 (2005) [Paleontol. J. 39 (6), 615–619 (2005)].Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    S. Reindl and G. Haszprunar, “Light and Electron Microscopical Investigations on Shell Pores (Caeca) of Fissurellid Limpets (Mollusca, Archaeogastropoda),” J. Zool. 233, 385–404 (1994).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    S. Reindl and G. Haszprunar, Origin and Evolutionary Radiation of the Mollusca, Ed. by J. D. Taylor (Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, 1996), pp. 115–118.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    S. Rosso, “A Study of the Shell Structure and Mantle Epithelium of Musculum transversum (Say),” J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 44(10), 329–332 (1954).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    A. Yu. Rozanov, V. V. Missarzhevsky, N. A. Volkova, et al., The Tommotian Stage and the Problem of the Lower Boundary of the Cambrian System (Nauka, Moscow, 1969) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    T. Sasaki, “Comparative Anatomy and Phylogeny of the Recent Archaeogastropoda (Mollusca: Gastropoda),” Bull. Tokyo Univ., No. 38, 1–224 (1998).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    T. Sasaki, T. Okutani, and K. Fujikura, “Molluscs from Deep-Sea Chemosynthesis-Based Biological Communities in Japan: A Review of Taxa Collected in Recent 20 Years,” in Molluscan Megadiversity: Sea, Land and Fresh Water: Abstr. 15 World Congr. Malacol., Perth (2004), p. 130.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    O. Schröder, “Beiträge zur Histologie von Calyculina (Cyclas) lacustris Müller,” Zool. Anz. 31(15–16), 506–510 (1907).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    B. I. Sirenko, “Nierstraszellidae fam. nov.—a New Family of Chitons (Polyplacophora, Lepidopleurida) from the Bathyal of the Western Pacific,” Ruthenica 2(2), (1992).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    A. G. Smith, “Amphineura,” Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology: Part I. Mollusca 1 (Univ. Kansas Press, Lawrence, 1960), pp. I41–I76.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    A. T. Tiu and R. S. Prezant, “Shell Tubules in Corbicula aumina (Bivalvia: Heterodonta): Functional Morphology and Microstructure,” Nautilus 103(1), 36–39 (1989).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Y. Togo, S. Suzuki, and Y. Hikida, Structure, Formation, and Evolution of Fossil Hard Tissues, Ed. by I. Kobayashi, H. Mutvei, and A. Sahni (Tokyo Univ. Press, Tokyo, 1993), pp. 55–63.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    G. T. Ushatinskaya, The Earliest Lingulata (Nauka, Moscow, 1995) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    G. T. Ushatinskaya, “The Microstructure of Lower Paleozoic Brachiopods with Phosphatic Shells and Its Early Diagenetic Transformation,” Bull. Inst. Oceanogr. Monaco, Spec. No. 14-4, 413–423 (1996).Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    G. T. Ushatinskaya and P. Yu. Parkhaev, “Preservation of Imprints and Casts of Cells of the Outer Mantle Epithelium in the Shells of Cambrian Brachiopods, Mollusks, and Problematics,” Paleontol. Zh., No. 3, 29–39 (2005) [Paleontol. J. 39 (3), 251–263 (2005)].Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    N. I. Vassiljeva, The Small Shelly Fauna and Biostratigraphy of the Lower Cambrian of the Siberian Platform (Vses. Nauchno-Issled. Geol. Razved. Inst., St. Petersburg, 1998) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    T. Waller, “Scanning Electron Microscopy of Shell and Mantle in the Order Arcoidea (Mollusca: Bivalvia),” Smithson. Contrib. Zool., No. 313, 1–58 (1980).Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    A. Warén, “Neopilina goesi, a New Caribbean Monoplacophoran Mollusk Dredged in 1869,” Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 101(3), 676–681 (1988).Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    A. Warén and P. Bouchet, “Laevipilina rolani, a New Monoplacophoran from off Southwestern Europe,” J. Moll. Stud. 56, 449–453 (1990).Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Xing Yusheng, Ding Qixiu, Luo Huilin, et al., “The Sinian-Cambrian Boundary of China,” Bull. Inst. Geol. Chinese Acad. Geol. Sci. 10, 1–262 (1984).Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Zhong Hua, “Preliminary Study on the Ancient Fauna of South China and Its Stratigraphic Significance,” Scientia Geol. Sin., No. 2, 118–128 (1977).Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Zhou Benhe and Xiao Ligong, “Early Cambrian Monoplacophorans and Gastropods from Huainan and Huoqiu Counties, Anhui Province,” Prof. Pap. Stratigr. Palaeontol. 13, 125–140 (1984).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Yu. Parkhaev
    • 1
  1. 1.Paleontological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations