Window Glasses: State and Prospects
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Analysis and generalization of the results of investigations devoted to the improvement of optical properties have been carried out, and descriptions of a structure and a reaction mechanism of available and promising window glasses with solar radiation are presented. All devices are divided into groups with static constant and dynamic regulated spectral characteristics. The group of static glasses includes heat-protective and spectrally selective glasses with low-emissivity coatings and infrared filters with dispersed plasmonic nanoparticles. Electrochromic glasses, nanostructured dynamic infrared filters, and glasses with separated regulation of the transmission of visible-light and near-infrared radiation are dynamic devices. It is noted that the use of mesoporous films made of plasmonic nanoparticles open up especially wide possibilities. Their application allows one to realize a dynamic separated regulation of the transmission of visible light and nearinfrared radiation in which, under the gradual increase in the electric potential on the glass, mechanisms of plasmon and polaron reduction of solar radiation gradually change the glass’ condition from light warm to light cold and then to dark cold consecutively.
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