The effect of electromagnetically induced transparency in a potassium nanocell
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The effect of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) has been experimentally implemented for the first time for the (4S 1/2–4P 1/2–4S 1/2) Λ-system of potassium atom levels in a nanocell with a 770-nm-thick column of atomic vapor. It is shown that, at such a small thickness of the vapor column, the EIT resonance can be observed only when the coupling-laser frequency is in exact resonance with the frequency of the corresponding atomic transition. The EIT resonance disappears even if the coupling-laser frequency differs slightly (by ~50 MHz) from that of the corresponding atomic transition, which is due to the high thermal velocity of K atoms. The EIT resonance and related velocity selective optical pumping resonances caused by optical pumping (formed by the coupling) can be simultaneously recorded because of the small (~462 MHz) hyperfine splitting of the lower 4S 1/2 level.
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- 26.D. Bloch, M. Ducloy, N. Senkov, V. Velichansky, and V. Yudin, Laser Phys. 6, 670 (1996).Google Scholar