Formation of H a - hydrogen centers upon additive coloration of alkaline-earth fluoride crystals
- 19 Downloads
The mechanism of coloration of alkaline-earth fluoride crystals CaF2, SrF2, and BaF2 in calcium vapors in an autoclave with a cold zone is studied. It was found that the pressure in the autoclave upon constant evacuation by a vacuum pump within the temperature range of 500–800°C increases due to evaporation of metal calcium. In addition to the optical-absorption bands of color centers in the additively colored undoped crystals or to the bands of divalent ions in the crystals doped with rare-earth Sm, Yb, and Tm elements, there appear intense bands in the vacuum ultraviolet region at 7.7, 7.0, and 6.025 eV in CaF2, SrF2, and BaF2, respectively. These bands belong to the Ha - hydrogen centers. The formation of hydrogen centers is also confirmed by the appearance of the EPR signal of interstitial hydrogen atoms after X-ray irradiation of the additively colored crystals. Grinding of the outer edges of the colored crystals leads to a decrease in the hydrogen absorption-band intensity with depth to complete disappearance. The rate of hydrogen penetration inside the crystal is lower than the corresponding rate of color centers (anion vacancies) by a factor of tens. The visible color density of the outer regions of the hydrogen-containing crystals is several times lower than that of the inner region due to the competition between the color centers and hydrogen centers.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 15.A. N. Nesmeyanov, Vapor Pressure of Chemical Elements (Akad. Nauk SSSR, Moscow, 1961; Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1963).Google Scholar
- 18.I. M. Neklyudov and G. D. Tolstolutskaya, Vopr. At. Nauki Tekh., Ser.: Fiz. Rad. Povrezhd. Rad. Materialoved., No. 3, 3 (2003).Google Scholar