Optical properties of large germanium monocrystals
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Optical characteristics of germanium monocrystals with a diameter of 150 and 200 mm grown by the Czochralski and directional crystallization methods were studied. We measured spectral transmittance of the monocrystals in the wavelength range of 2.3–25.0 μm, directional transmission and light scattering in the 2.4–3.0 μm range, and noninhomogeneity of the refractive index of monocrystals by the interference technique at 3.39 μm. The measurements were performed on antimony-doped germanium monocrystals with a diameter of 200 mm and thickness of 15 mm (grown by the directional crystallization method) and 18 mm thick (grown by the Czochralski method). Measurements were also performed on a germanium monocrystal with a diameter of 150 mm and thickness of 15 mm grown by the Czochralski method without adding a ligand. The measurement results revealed different optical quality of monocrystals, expressed in the nature and amount of refractive index inhomogeneity, which imposes restrictions on the use of blanks.
KeywordsGermanium Modulation Transfer Function Spectral Transmittance Czochralski Method Interferometric Method
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