Optics and Spectroscopy

, Volume 119, Issue 6, pp 955–968 | Cite as

Inductive effect of crystalline nucleus on the structure of its local environment in the process of quartz glass crystallization

  • V. M. Zolotarev
  • D. V. Pan’kin
  • A. A. Shimko
  • I. A. Kasatkin
Condensed-Matter Spectroscopy

Abstract

The morphology and the structural and chemical properties of crystalline formations appearing on the surface of commercial quartz glasses at the beginning of the induction stage upon heating at temperatures of 1000–1300°C are studied by optical polarization microscopy, μ-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. It is shown that crystalline island nuclei induce crystallization not only in the local environment of the surface layer, but also in the glass bulk at a depth of up to ≈200 μm. Crystalline nuclei in the center of islands often have an imperfect crystal structure formed by intermediate mesophases based on individual low-symmetry SiO4 tetrahedra. However, the induced phase at the periphery of these nuclei has a well-ordered crystal structure consisting mainly of α-SiO2 (quartz) and/or α-cristobalite. The proportion of these two phases depends on the glass heating temperature, namely, at 1000°C, the induced structure for the most part contains α-SiO2, while α-cristobalite dominates at 1300°C.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. M. Zolotarev
    • 1
  • D. V. Pan’kin
    • 2
  • A. A. Shimko
    • 2
  • I. A. Kasatkin
    • 3
  1. 1.St. Petersburg State University of Information Technologies, Mechanics, and OpticsSt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Resource Center for Optical and Laser Materials ResearchSt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.Research Center for X-Ray Diffraction StudiesSt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

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