Optics and Spectroscopy

, Volume 119, Issue 6, pp 982–986 | Cite as

X-ray spectral diagnostics of synthetic lanthanide silicates

  • A. N. Kravtsova
  • A. A. Guda
  • A. V. Soldatov
  • J. Goettlicher
  • V. K. Taroev
  • A. A. Kashaev
  • L. F. Suvorova
  • V. L. Tauson
Condensed-Matter Spectroscopy


Potassium and rare-earth (Eu, Sm, Yb, Ce) silicate and aluminosilicate crystals are hydrothermally synthesized under isothermal conditions at 500°C and a pressure of 100 MPa. The chemical and structural formulas of the synthesized compounds HK6Eu[Si10O25], K7Sm3[Si12O32], K2Sm[AlSi4O12] · 0.375H2O, K4Yb2[Si8O21], and K4Ce2[Al2Si8O24] are determined. In addition, a synthesis product with Eu, in which the dominant phase is assumed to be K3Eu3+[Si6O15] · 2H2O, is studied. The oxidation state of lanthanides in the silicates under study is determined based on X-ray absorption near-edge structure spectroscopy. The Eu L 3-, Sm L 3-, Yb L 3-, and Ce L 3-edge X-ray absorption spectra of the studied silicates and reference samples are recorded using a Rigaku R-XAS laboratory spectrometer. As reference samples, Eu2+S, Eu3+F3, Eu 2 3+ O3, Sm 2 3+ O3, Yb 2 3+ O3, Yb3+F3, Yb3+Cl3, Ce 2 3+ O3, and Ce4+O2 are used. Comparison of the absorption edge energies of lanthanide silicates and reference samples shows that Eu, Sm, Yb, and Cе in all the samples studied are in the oxidation state 3+. The synthesized silicates will supplement our knowledge of possible rare-earth minerals existing in hydrothermal systems, which is important for analyzing the distribution spectra of rare elements, which are widely used for diagnostics of geochemical processes and determination of sources of ore materials.


Oxygen Fugacity Absorption Edge Energy Bunsenite Mineral Formation Condition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. N. Kravtsova
    • 1
  • A. A. Guda
    • 1
  • A. V. Soldatov
    • 1
  • J. Goettlicher
    • 2
  • V. K. Taroev
    • 3
  • A. A. Kashaev
    • 4
  • L. F. Suvorova
    • 3
  • V. L. Tauson
    • 3
  1. 1.Southern Federal UniversityRostov-on-DonRussia
  2. 2.Karlsruhe Institute of TechnologyKarlsruheGermany
  3. 3.Institute of Geochemistry, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia
  4. 4.Institute of the Earth’s Crust, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia

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