Optics and Spectroscopy

, Volume 118, Issue 1, pp 26–36 | Cite as

Nanosecond barrier discharge in a krypton/helium mixture containing mercury dibromide: Optical emission and plasma parameters

  • A. A. Malinina
  • S. M. Starikovskaya
  • A. N. Malinin
Spectroscopy of Atoms and Molecules


Spectral and electrical characteristics of atmospheric-pressure nanosecond barrier discharge plasma in a HgBr2/Kr/He mixture have been investigated. The discharge was initiated by positive 10-kV voltage pulses with a rise time of 4 ns and a half-amplitude duration of 28 ns. Emission from exciplex HgBr (B2Σ12/+X2Σ12/+) and KrBr (B2Σ12/+X2Σ12/+, C3/2−AΠ1/2, D1/2−AΠ1/2) molecules have been studied. From the time evolution of the B-X transition spectra of the HgBr molecule (502 nm) and KrBr molecule (207 nm), a mechanism of the formation of the exciplex molecules in the nanosecond discharge has been deduced. The distributions of the energies and rates of the processes responsible for emission from HgBr and KrBr molecules have been analyzed by numerically solving the Boltzmann equation for the electron distribution function. Experiments have confirmed the possibility of optimizing the voltage supply pulse for maximizing the efficiency of simultaneous emission in the UV and visible (green) spectral ranges from atmospheric-pressure discharge in the HgBr2/Kr/He mixture.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Yu. P. Raizer, Gas Discharge Physics (Nauka, Moscow, 1987) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cas Lasers, Ed. by E. W. McDaniel and W. L. Nighan (Academic, New York, 1982).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. Burnham and E. J. Schimitschek, Laser Focus World, No. 6, 54 (1981).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. E. Petrukhin and A. S. Podsosonnyi, Quantum Electron. 20, 467 (1990).ADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. N. Malinin, Quantum Electron. 35, 243 (2005).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yu. I. Posudin, Laser Photobiology (Vishcha Shkola, Kiev, 1989) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    V. D. Romanenko, Hydrobiont Culturing Technology (Inst. Gidrobiologii, Kyiv, 1999) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    W. P. Risk, T. R. Gosnell, and A. V. Nurmikko, Compact Blue-Green Lasers (Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK, 2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Sugii and K. Sasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48(24), 1633 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. J. Berry, C. Whitehurst, and T. A. King, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 21, 39 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    H. Furusawa, S. Okada, and M. Obara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1877 (1995).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. N. Malinin, L. L. Shimon, N. N. Guivan, and A. V. Polyak, Opt. Atmos. Okeana 12(11), 1024 (1999).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. N. Malinin, A. V. Polyak, I. V. Blonskii, and N. G. Zubrilin, Tech. Phys. 74(2), 214 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. A. Malinina, M. M. Guivan, and A. K. Shuaibov, Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. 76(5), 752 (2009).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. A. Malinina, N. N. Guivan, L. L. Shimon, and A. K. Shuaibov, Plasma Phys. 36(9), 803 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. A. Malinina and A. K. Shuaibov, Opt. Spectrosc. 110(2), 191 (2011).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. A. Malinina and L. L. Shimon, Tech. Phys. 82(1), 27 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. M. Guivan, A. A. Malinina, and A. Brablec, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 44(22), 1 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    G. Tamulaitis, P. Duchovskis, Z. Bliznikas, K. Breive, R. Ulinskaite, et al., J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 38, 3182 (2005).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    A. M. Boichenko, M. I. Lomaev, A. N. Panchenko, et al., Ultraviolet and Vacuum Ultraviolet Excilamps: Physics, Engineering, and Applications (STT, Tomsk, 2011) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. I. Efimov, L. P. Belorukova, I. V. Vasil’kova, and V. P. Chechev, Properties of Inorganic Compounds: A Handbook (Khimiya, Leningrad, 1983) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    U. Kogelschatz, Plasma Process. 23(1), 1 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    V. P. Popov, Fundamentals of Circuit Theory (Vysshaya Shkola, Moscow, 2000) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    K. Wieland, Z. Elektron. 64, 761 (1960).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    R. W. Pearse and A. G. Gaydon, The Identification of Molecular Spectra (Chapman & Hall, London, 1963).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    V. E. Prokop’ev and A. S. Yatsenko, Preprint No. 161, IAE SO AN SSSR (Institute of Atomic Energy, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, 1981).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    A. N. Zaidel’, V. K. Prokof’ev, S. M. Raiskii, V. A. Slavnyi, and E. Ya. Shreider, Tables of Spectral Lines (Nauka, Moscow, 1977) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    W. L. Nighan and R. T. Brown, J. Appl. Phys. 53(11), 7201 (1982).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    A. N. Malinin, A. K. Shuaibov, and V. S. Shevera, Quantum Electron. 13, 877 (1983).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    V. Kushawaha and M. Mahmood, J. Appl. Phys. 62(6), 2173 (1987).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    A. N. Malinin, Laser Phys. 7(6), 1168 (1997).MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    A. N. Malinin, Laser Phys. 7(5), 1032 (1997).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    R. S. F. Chang and R. Burnham, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36(6), 397 (1980).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Yu. M. Smirnov, High Energy Chem. 34, 351 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    V. V. Datsyuk, I. A. Izmailov, and V. A. Kochelap, Usp. Fiz. Nauk 168(4), 439 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    M. J. Kushner, A. L. Pindroh, C. H. Fishner, T. A. Znotins, and J. J. Ewing, J. Appl. Phys. 57, 2406 (1985).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    B. M. Smirnov, Usp. Fiz. Nauk 139(1), 53 (1983).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    A. Fridman, Plasma Chemistry (Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK, 2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    G. J. M. Hagelaar and L. C. Pitchford, Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 14, 722 (2005).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
  41. 41.
    H. Date, Y. Sakai, and H. Tagashira, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 22, 1478 (1989).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Malinina
    • 1
  • S. M. Starikovskaya
    • 2
  • A. N. Malinin
    • 1
  1. 1.Uzhgorod National UniversityUzhgorodUkraine
  2. 2.Plasma Physics LaboratoryÉcole PolytechniquePalaiseau CedexFrance

Personalised recommendations