Optics and Spectroscopy

, Volume 111, Issue 6, pp 919–935 | Cite as

Study of spectroscopic characteristics of holmium-doped double sodium-yttrium fluoride crystals Na0.4Y0.6F2.2:Ho3+

  • A. M. Tkachuk
  • S. E. Ivanova
  • A. A. Mirzaeva
  • F. Pellé
Condensed-Matter Spectroscopy


We have grown crystals Na0.4Y0.6F2.2:Ho3+ (NYF:Ho3+) by the Bridgman-Stockbarger method. The optical spectra and luminescence kinetics of NYF:Ho3+ crystals have been studied. Based on the analysis of low-temperature absorption spectra, we determine the structure of the Stark splitting of holmium levels in NYF:Ho3+ crystals. From absorption spectra examined at T = 300 K, we calculate absorption cross-section spectra and oscillator strengths of transitions from the ground state of holmium to excited multiplets. We show that the absorption spectra of NYF:Ho3+ crystals consist of broad bands that lie in the UV, visible, and near-IR ranges. The most intense bands are observed in the visible range, they correspond to transitions 5 I 8 → (5 F 1, 5 G 6) and 5 I 8 → (5 F 4, 5 S 2), and their maximal absorption cross sections are σ abs max (λ = 450.3 nm) = 1.16 × 10−20 cm2 and σ abs max (λ = 535.1 nm) = 0.9 × 10−20 cm2. The intensity parameters Ω t have been calculated by the Judd-Ofelt method taking into account 10, 12, and 20 transitions from the 5 I 8 ground state to excited multiplets. We show that, with an increasing number of transitions taken into account in the calculation, the parameters Ω t somewhat increase. For 20 transitions, we have obtained the following intensity parameters: Ω2 = 0.97 × 10−20, Ω4 = 1.74 × 10−20, and Ω6 = 1.15 × 10−20 cm2. With these parameters, we have calculated the probabilities of radiative transitions, the radiative lifetimes, and the branching ratios. The rates of multiphoton nonradiative transitions have been estimated. The luminescence decay kinetics from excited holmium levels 5 F 3 (5 F 4, 5 S 2) and 5 F 5 have been studied upon selective excitation in the range of 490 nm, and the lifetimes of these levels have been experimentally determined. We find that the calculated and experimental rates of radiative and nonradiative relaxation from excited holmium levels agree well with each other. We show that, upon pumping in the range of 490 nm, the multiplet (5 F 4, 5 S 2) is populated as a result of the radiative and nonradiative excitation relaxation from the 5 F 3 level, while the lower-lying 5 F 5 level is populated due to direct radiative transitions 5 F 3, 25 F 5, obviating the cascade scheme 5 F 3 → (5 F 4, 5 S 2) ↝ 5 F 5. We conclude that NYF:Ho3+ crystals are processable; admit doping by holmium in high concentrations (up to 100%); and, with respect to all their radiative characteristics, can be considered as potential active media for solid-state continuously tunable lasers in the IR and visible ranges.


Oscillator Strength Holmium Radiative Lifetime Luminescence Decay Nonradiative Transition 
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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. Tkachuk
    • 1
  • S. E. Ivanova
    • 1
  • A. A. Mirzaeva
    • 2
  • F. Pellé
    • 3
  1. 1.St. Petersburg State University of Information Technologies, Mechanics, and OpticsSt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Vavilov State Optical InstituteSt. PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.Laboratoire de Chimie de la Matiére Condensée de ParisUniversité Paris VParisFrance

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