Optics and Spectroscopy

, Volume 111, Issue 5, pp 776–785 | Cite as

Optical and luminescence properties of zinc oxide (Review)

  • P. A. Rodnyi
  • I. V. Khodyuk
Condensed-Matter Spectroscopy


We generalize and systematize basic experimental data on optical and luminescence properties of ZnO single crystals, thin films, powders, ceramics, and nanocrystals. We consider and study mechanisms by which two main emission bands occur, a short-wavelength band near the fundamental absorption edge and a broad long-wavelength band, the maximum of which usually lies in the green spectral range. We determine a relationship between the two luminescence bands and study in detail the possibility of controlling the characteristics of ZnO by varying the maximum position of the short-wavelength band. We show that the optical and luminescence characteristics of ZnO largely depend on the choice of the corresponding impurity and the parameters of the synthesis and subsequent treatment of the sample. Prospects for using zinc oxide as a scintillator material are discussed. Additionally, we consider experimental results that are of principal interest for practice.


Zinc Oxide Luminescence Band Shallow Donor Green Luminescence Edge Luminescence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. A. Rodnyi
    • 1
  • I. V. Khodyuk
    • 1
  1. 1.St. Petersburg State Technical UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

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