Optics and Spectroscopy

, 110:464 | Cite as

Diffusion relaxation of photoinduced gratings in polyvinyl acetate latex films

  • A. V. Veniaminov
  • E. Bartsch


The features of the postexposure relaxation of holographic gratings recorded in inhomogeneous polyvinyl acetate latex films with photosensitive agents (photochromic molecules of fulgide dyes and phenanthrenequinone) have been considered. The diffusion coefficients and rms displacements of izomerized probe in polymer latex particles and aqueous environment are determined within the model of two diffusion states. The effective diffusion coefficient of the molecular probe, which is responsible for the relaxation of gratings, increases with an increase in their period in wet films, whereas in dry films, this parameter is independent of the grating period. In the films subjected to high-temperature treatment the effective diffusion coefficient decreases with an increase in the grating period. The successive stages of grating relaxation in latex films with phenanthrenequinone are related to the diffusion of free molecules, radicals, and polymer chains, as well as to the local displacement of macromolecular segments at distances of 5–25 nm.


Latex Particle Diffraction Efficiency Effective Diffusion Coefficient Spatial Period Latex Film 
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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mechanics, and OpticsSt. Petersburg State University of Information TechnologiesSt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Institut für Physikalische ChemieAlbert-Ludwigs UniversitätFreiburg im BreisgauGermany

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