Optics and Spectroscopy

, Volume 108, Issue 2, pp 197–205 | Cite as

Characterizing nonclassicality and entanglement

  • W. VogelEmail author
  • T. Kiesel
  • J. Sperling
Quantum Informatics. Entangled States


In Quantum Optics, the widely accepted definition of nonclassicality is based on the P function of Glauber and Sudarshan. When it fails to be interpreted as a classical probability density, the corresponding quantum state is said to be a nonclassical one. Here we present the first reconstruction of a nonclassical P function of a single-photon added thermal state. We also consider the nonclassical properties of general spacegtime dependent correlation functions of radiation fields. For the detection of these correlation functions, a balanced homodyne correlation technique was proposed. It is shown that the measurable correlation functions also allow one to completely characterize bipartite entangled quantum states with a negative partial transposition. Finally, we present a method for identifying general bipartite entanglement for continuous variables.


Quantum State Entangle State Bipartite Entanglement Entanglement Witness Nonclassical Property 
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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Arbeitsgruppe Quantenoptik, Institut für PhysikUniversität RostockRostockGermany

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