Study of irradiation conditions and thermodynamics of optical glass in the problem of modification of materials by femtosecond laser pulses
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The local heating of glass by a focused femtosecond laser pulse and cooling of an irradiated region are numerically modeled. The structural modifications that change the optical properties of glass are assumed to occur within a bulk region whose temperature after irradiation exceeds the glass transition temperature. The shape of the modified region obtained from the calculations coincides with that known from experimental data available. The size of this region is determined by the spatiotemporal dynamics of the laser beam under multiphoton absorption conditions. The heating of glass is maximal in front of a thin lens used for the beam focusing.
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