Molecular Biology

, Volume 53, Issue 2, pp 212–226 | Cite as

HIV Restriction Factors and Their Ambiguous Role during Infection

  • A. A. ZotovaEmail author
  • A. A. Atemasova
  • A. V. Filatov
  • D. V. Mazurov

Currently, more than 37 million individuals worldwide are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Antiretroviral therapy may control the viral infection but is incapable of eradicating it. It is important to understand how cells respond to HIV-1 infection and what cellular factors are involved in this process to develop novel classes of antiviral drugs. This review summarizes the current understanding of the HIV restriction mechanism. We discuss the ambiguous role of HIV restriction factors in viral infection and counteraction mediated by HIV-1 accessory proteins.


HIV restriction factors ISGs HIV accessory proteins 



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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Zotova
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • A. A. Atemasova
    • 1
  • A. V. Filatov
    • 3
  • D. V. Mazurov
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Moscow State University, Faculty of BiologyMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Cell and Gene Technology Group, Institute of Gene Biology, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.National Research Center—Institute of Immunology of Federal Medical-Biological Agency of RussiaMoscowRussia

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