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Molecular Biology

, Volume 52, Issue 4, pp 532–542 | Cite as

Cytotoxicity of Malondialdehyde and Cytoprotective Effects of Taurine via Oxidative Stress and PGC-1α Signal Pathway in C2C12 Cells

  • J.-G. Cai
  • L.-M. Luo
  • H. Tang
  • L. Zhou
Molecular Cell Biology

Abstract

One of the end-products of ROS-induced peroxidation, malondialdehyde (MDA), induces the cross-links in proteins, which leads to perturbation of the physiological functions of cells and contributes to abnormal biological regulation and various disorders. Taurine (2-aminoethanesulfonic acid, Tau) aids in adjusting normal physiological functions to confer stress resistance. The protective effects of Tau against MDA stress in vitro or in vivo were reported previously. In this study, we had investigated the protective effects of taurine on viability, oxidative stress levels and mitochondrial biogenesis in mouse muscle C2C12 cells undergoing MDA induced stress. We show that the treatment with 100 μM MDA leads to increase in cell oxidative stress levels, inhibition of mitochondrial biogenesis and the reduction of the cell survival rates. The pretreatment with 0.1 μM taurine reduced MDA-induced death rate via inhibition of oxidative stress, restoration of mitochondrial functions of the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and ATP production. In MDA stress, the pre-treatment with 0.1 μM taurine leads to upregulation of the factors of mitochondrial biogenesis. These observations suggest that the cytoprotective effects of taurine may be due to an induction of mitochondrial biogenesis.

Keywords

taurine malondialdehyde mouse muscle C2C12 cells mitochondrial biogenesis 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of SportsHunan University of Science and TechnologyXiangtan city, Hunan provinceChina
  2. 2.Hunan Electrical College of TechnologyXiangtan city, Hunan provinceChina

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