Molecular Biology

, Volume 49, Issue 3, pp 358–368 | Cite as

Repetitive DNA sequences as an indicator of the level of genetic isolation in fish

  • E. A. Shubina
  • E. V. Ponomareva
  • A. V. Klimov
  • A. V. Klimova
  • O. S. Kedrova
Molecular Phylogenetics

Abstract

Although the functional role is still unknown for most types of nuclear noncoding repetitive sequences, some of them proved to provide adequate phylogenetic and taxonomic markers for studying the genetic relationships of organisms at the species and within-species levels. Several markers were used in this work. First, microsatellite markers were used to examine populations varying in the extent of genetic subdivision in marine and anadromous fish, including the Chilean jack mackerel Trachurus murphyi, anadromous brown trout Salmo trutta, and isolated and anadromous char populations. Locus polymorphism was proportional to the gene flow between populations in all cases. Second, satellite DNA was used to study the phylogenetic relationships within the genera Salmo, Oncorhynchus, Salvelinus, and Coregonus. Genetic distances agreed well with the taxonomic relationships based on morphological traits and various biochemical markers and correlated with the evolutionary ages estimated for the groups by other markers. Third, RAPD PCR with a set of 20-mer primers was performed to study the genus Coregonus and anadromous and isolated populations and species of the genus Salvelinus. The resulting phylogenetic trees may help to resolve some disputable taxonomic issues for the groups. A comparison showed that several RAPD-detected sequences contain conserved fragments of coding sequences and polymorphic repeats (minisatellites) from intergenic regions or introns. The finding point to a nonrandom nature of repetitive DNA divergence and may reflect the evolution of the fish groups examined. Heterochromatic satellite repeats were assumed to contribute to generating a reproductive barrier.

Keywords

DNA tandem repeats microsatellite and multilocus analyses fish genetic isolation speciation 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. A. Shubina
    • 1
    • 2
  • E. V. Ponomareva
    • 2
  • A. V. Klimov
    • 3
  • A. V. Klimova
    • 4
  • O. S. Kedrova
    • 2
  1. 1.Belozersky Institute of Phyico-Chemical BiologyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Biological FacultyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Kamchatka Federal Research Institute of Fisheries and OceanographyPetropavlovsk KamchatskiiRussia
  4. 4.Kamchatka State Technical UniversityPetropavlovsk KamchatskiiRussia

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