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Molecular Biology

, Volume 41, Issue 3, pp 445–452 | Cite as

Molecular phylogeny of Gastrotricha on the basis of a comparison of the 18S rRNA genes: Rejection of the hypothesis of a relationship between Gastrotricha and Nematoda

  • N. B. Petrov
  • A. N. Pegova
  • O. G. Manylov
  • N. S. Vladychenskaya
  • N. S. Mugue
  • V. V. Aleshin
Genomics. Transcriptomics. Proteomics

Abstract

Gastrotricha are the small meiobenthic acoelomate worms whose phylogenetic relationships between themselves and other invertebrates remain unclear, despite all attempts to clarify them on the basis of both morphological and molecular analyses. The complete sequences of the 18S rRNA genes (8 new and 7 known) were analyzed in 15 Gastrotricha species to test different hypotheses on the phylogeny of this taxon and to determine the reasons for the contradictions in earlier results. The data were analyzed using both maximum likelihood and Bayesian methods. Based on the results, it was assumed that gastrotrichs form a monophyletic group within the Spiralia clade, which also includes Gnathostomulida, Plathelminthes, Syndermata (Rotifera + Acanthocephala), Nemertea, and Lophotrochozoa. Statistical tests rejected a phylogenetic hypotheses considering Gastrotricha to be closely related to Nematoda and other Ecdysozoa or placing them at the base of the Bilateria tree, close to Acoela or Nemertodermatida. Among gastrotrichs, species belonging to the orders Chaetonotida and Macrodasyida form two well-supported clades. The analysis confirmed monophyly of the families Chaetonotidae and Xenotrichulidae from the order Chaetonida, as well as the families Turbanellidae and Thaumastodermatidae from the order Macrodasyida. Lepidodasyidae is a polyphyletic family, because the genus Mesodasys forms a sister group for Turbanellidae; genus Cephalodasys forms a separate branch at the base of Macrodasyida; and Lepidodasys groups with Neodasys between Thaumastodermatidae and Turbanellidae. To confirm these conclusions and to get an authentic view of the phylogeny of Gastrotricha, it is necessary to study more Gastrotricha species and to analyze some other genes.

Key words

18S rRNA molecular phylogeny Bilateria Protostomia Spiralia Ecdysozoa Gastrotricha Gnathostomulida Nematoda 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. B. Petrov
    • 1
  • A. N. Pegova
    • 2
  • O. G. Manylov
    • 3
  • N. S. Vladychenskaya
    • 1
  • N. S. Mugue
    • 4
  • V. V. Aleshin
    • 1
  1. 1.Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical BiologyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.International Biotechnological CenterMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Department of Invertebrate ZoologySt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  4. 4.Koltzov Institute of Developmental BiologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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