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Microbiology

, Volume 87, Issue 5, pp 712–715 | Cite as

Chitosan in Biology, Microbiology, Medicine, and Agriculture

  • V. P. VarlamovEmail author
  • I. S. Mysyakina
MINI-REVIEWS
  • 185 Downloads

Abstract

The mini-review deals with the recent developments in investigation and application of chitosan and its derivatives within a broad range of human activities. A short historical note on discovery of chitin and chitosan is provided. Special attention is paid to chitosan occurrence and structure, as well as to antimicrobial properties of this biopolymer and their dependence upon the physicochemical characteristics of chitosan: its molecular mass and deacetylation degree, and the conditions of derivative formation. The possible mechanisms of chitosan biological activity are briefly considered.

Keywords:

chitin chitosan chitosan derivatives antimicrobial activity 

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The 14th International Conference “Current Prospects in Chitin and Chitosan Research” was prepared with support from the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, grant no. 18-04-20055.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Bioengineering, Research Center of Biotechnology, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Winogradsky Institute of Microbiology, Research Center of Biotechnology, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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