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Microbiology

, Volume 82, Issue 3, pp 271–279 | Cite as

Capacity of Azospirillum thiophilum for lithotrophic growth coupled to oxidation of reduced sulfur compounds

  • E. N. Frolov
  • E. V. Belousova
  • K. S. Lavrinenko
  • G. A. DubininaEmail author
  • M. Yu. GrabovichEmail author
Experimental Articles

Abstract

Capacity for lithotrophic growth coupled to oxidation of reduced sulfur compounds was revealed in an Azospirillum strain, A. thiophilum BV-S T . Oxygen concentration in the medium was the major factor determining the type of energy metabolism (organotrophic or lithotrophic) in the presence of thiosulfate. Under aerobic conditions, metabolism of A. thiophilum BV-ST was organoheterotrophic, with thiosulfate oxidation to tetrathionate resulting from the interaction with reactive oxygen species, mostly H2O2, which was formed in the electron transport chain in the course of oxidation of organic electron donors. Under microaerobic conditions (2 mg/L O2 in liquid medium), A. thiophilum BV-ST carried out lithoheterotrophic (mixotrophic) metabolism; enzymes of the dissimilatory type of sulfur metabolism were responsible for thiosulfate oxidation to tetrathionate and sulfate. Two enzyme systems were found in the cells: thiosulfate dehydrogenase, which catalyzes incomplete oxidation of thiosulfate to tetrathionate and the thiosulfate-oxidizing Sox enzyme complex, which is involved in complete oxidation of thiosulfate to sulfate. The genetic determinant of a Sox complex component in A. thiophilum BV-ST was revealed. The soxB gene was found, and its expression under microaerobic conditions was observed to increase 32-fold compared to aerobic cultivation.

Keywords

lithotrophy thiosulfate oxidation Sox complex thiosulfate: ferricytochrome c oxidoreductase gene expression aerobic and microaerobic conditions 

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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Voronezh State UniversityVoronezhRussia
  2. 2.Winogradsky Institute of MicrobiologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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