, Volume 81, Issue 6, pp 710–720 | Cite as

Morphological characterization and molecular fingerprinting of Nostoc strains by multiplex RAPD

  • Hillol Chakdar
  • Sunil Pabbi
Experimental Articles


Morphological parameters studied for the twenty selected Nostoc strains were mostly found to be consistent with the earlier reports. But the shape of akinetes observed in this study was a little deviation from the existing descriptions and heterocyst frequency was also found to be different in different strains in spite of growing in the same nitrogen free media. Multiplex RAPD produced reproducible and completely polymorphic amplification profiles for all the strains including some strain specific unique bands which are intended to be useful for identification of those strains. At least one to a maximum of two unique bands was produced by different dual primer combinations. For ten strains out of twenty, strain specific bands were found to be generated. Cluster analysis revealed a vast heterogeneity among these Nostoc strains and no specific clustering based on geographical origin was found except a few strains. It was also observed that morphological data may not necessarily correspond to the genetic data in most of the cases. CCC92 (Nostoc muscorum) and CCC48 (Nostoc punctiforme) showed a high degree of similarity which was well supported by high bootstrap value. The level of similarity of the strains ranged from 0.15 to 0.94. Cluster analysis based on multiplex RAPD showed a good fit revealing the discriminatory power of this technique.


cyanobacteria Nostoc morphology molecular fingerprinting phylogeny RAPD 


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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Conservation and Utilisation of Blue Green Algae (CCUBGA), Division of MicrobiologyIndian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI)New DelhiIndia

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