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Microbiology

, Volume 81, Issue 6, pp 639–650 | Cite as

Aerobic bacterial degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and its kinetic aspects

  • M. A. Baboshin
  • L. A. GolovlevaEmail author
Review

Abstract

Aerobic bacterial degradation of PAHs is reviewed. Particular attention is paid to its kinetic aspects (rate and specificity). The general concepts of PAH biodegradation in nature and the role of aerobic bacteria in this process are described. The problem of PAH bioavailability and the mechanism of PAH penetration through bacterial cell wall are discussed. The key role of the reaction of PAH hydroxylation in controlling the rate and specificity of PAH biodegradation process is substantiated. The effects of competitive inhibition, intermediate inhibition, cross induction, and cometabolism are considered. The importance of microbial communities for PAH biodegradation in natural ecosystems is shown. The review contains the list of 138 references.

Keywords

PAH biodegradation bioavailability dioxygenases kinetics specificity inhibition microbial communities 

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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of MicroorganismsRussian Academy of SciencesPushchino, Moscow oblastRussia

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