Advertisement

Lithology and Mineral Resources

, Volume 54, Issue 1, pp 53–65 | Cite as

Influence of the Grain Size Composition of Bottom Sediments in Lake Baikal on the Distribution of Methane and Sulfide Sulfur

  • Yu. A. FedorovEmail author
  • D. N. Gar’kusha
  • N. S. Tambieva
  • Yu. A. Andreev
  • O. A. Mikhailenko
Article

Abstract

Based on the study of separate areas of Lake Baikal (depth from 14 to 250 m), influence of the grain size composition of bottom sediments on the distribution of methane and sulfide sulfur is examined. Concentrations of the components varied, respectively, from <0.01 to 1.81 µg/g d.s. (average 0.21 µg/g d.s.) and from 0.002 to 0.384 mg/g d.s. (average 0.027 mg/g d.s.). Comparison of the distribution of methane and sulfide sulfur concentrations testifies to active sulfate reduction at the same stations, where methane concentrations are highest, precisely in the northern area of the lake marked by the inflow of the Verkhnyaya Angara and Kichera rivers, as well as at some stations of the profile deployed along the estuarine zone of the Selenga River and stations located in the sublacustrine wastewater discharge zone of the town of Baikal’sk and the Baikal’sk Pulp and Paper Mill (BPPM), which was closed in 2013. Depending on the study area and sampling point depth, the share of the sand fraction (0.05–2.0 mm) in bottom sediments varies from 23 to 99% (average 57%); the silt fraction (0.05–0.005 mm), from 1 to 73% (average 39%), and the pelite fraction (<0.005 mm), from 0.0 to 8.7% (average 4%). Increase of the concentration of reduced gases in sediments correlates tightly with increase of the share of the fine-grained (silt and pelite) fractions. It is concluded that high or low concentrations of methane and sulfide sulfur at the studied upper intervals of sediments in Lake Baikal are caused not only by differences in the thickness of sediments subjected to the anthropogenic impact, but also by variations in depositional conditions that govern the grain size composition and, consequently, the content of organic matter and intensity of methane genesis and sulfate reduction.

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The authors thank S.A. Reznikov, PhD (Head of the Laboratory of Limnological Hydrochemistry, Hydrochemical Institute, Rostov-on-Don) for placing at our disposal analytical data on the Corg contents and grain size composition of bottom sediments.

This work was supported by the Russian Ministry of Education and Science (project no. 5.5791.2017/VU) and the Southern Federal University (project no. VnGr-07/2017-24).

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Dagurova, O.P., Namsaraev, B.B., Kozyreva, L.P., et al., Bacterial processes of methane cycle in bottom sediments of Lake Baikal, Mikrobiologiya, 2004, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 248–257.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Degens, E., Geochemistry of Sediments. A Brief Survey, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1965. Translated under the title Geokhimiya osadochnykh otlozhenii, Moscow: Mir, 1967.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fedorov, Yu.A., Stabil’nye izotopy i evolyutsiya gidrosfery (Stable Isotopes and Evolution of Hydrosphere), Moscow: Istina, 1999.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fedorov, Yu.A., Nikanorov, A.M., Grinenko, V.A., and Krouze, R., First data on distribution of the sulfur isotope composition in sulfates in the Lake Baikal water, Dokl.Earth Sci., 1992, vol. 325, no. 4, pp. 814–817.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fedorov, Yu.A., Nikanorov, A.M., and Tambieva, N.S., First data on the biogenic methane distribution in water and bottom sediments of Lake Baikal, Dokl.Earth Sci., 1997, vol. 353, no. 3, pp. 424–426.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fedorov, Yu.A., Tambieva, N.S., and Gar’kusha, D.N., Influence of natural and anthropogenic factors and processes of the distribution of methane concentration in water and bottom sediments of Lake Ladoga, Geoekol., Inzhen. Geol., Gidrogeol., Geokriol., 2006, no. 5, pp. 412–424.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fedorov, Yu.A., Tambieva, N.S., Gar’kusha, D.N., and Khoroshevskaya, V.O., Metan v vodnykh ekosistemakh (Methane in Water Ecosystems), Rostov-on-Don: Rostizdat, 2007.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gar’kusha, D.N. and Fedorov, Yu.A., Metan v ust’evoi oblasti reki Don (Methane in the Estuarine Zone of the Don River), Rostov-on-Don: Rostizdat, 2010.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gar’kusha, D.N. and Fedorov, Yu.A., Methane in the water and bottom sediments of the mouth area of the Severnaya Dvina River during the winter time, Oceanology, 2014, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 160–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gar’kusha, D.N. and Fedorov, Yu.A., Distribution of methane concentration in coastal areas of the Gulf of Petrozavodsk, Lake Onega, Water Resour., 2015, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 331–349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Geodekyan, A.A., Avilov, V.I., and Avilova, S.D., Geoecological studies of Baikal, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1990, vol. 310, no. 6, pp. 1442–1446.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Goman, G.A., Bacterial reduction of sulfates and oxidation of sulfides in the Baikal soil, Gidrobiol. Zh., 1975, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 18–22.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gosudarstvennye doklady “O sostoyanii ozera Baikal i merakh po ego okhrane …” v 2003, 2004, …, 2014 gg. (State Reports on “The State of Lake Baikal and Measures for Its Protection” in 2003–2014), Irkutsk: Sibir. Fil. FGUNPP Rosgeolfond, 2005.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kuznetsov, S.I., Saralov, A.E., and Nazina, T.N., Mikrobiologicheskie protsessy krugovorota ugleroda i azota v ozerakh (Microbilogical Processes of Carbon and Nitrogen Cycles in Lakes), Moscow: Nauka, 1985.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lazo, F.I., Geochemistry of sulfur in bottom sediments of Lake Baikal, Geokhimiya, 1980, no. 1, pp. 109–115.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lein, A.Yu. and Ivanov, M.V., Biogeokhimicheskii tsikl metana v okeane (Biogeochemical Cycle of Methane in the Ocean), Moscow: Nauka, 2009.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lisitsyn, A.P., Protsessy okeanskoi sedimentatsii (Processes of the Oceanic Sedimentation), Moscow: Nauka, 1978.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Namsaraev, B.B., Dulov, L.E., Zemskaya, E.B., and Karabanov, E.V., Geochemical activity of sulfate-reducing bacteria in bottom sediments of Lake Baikal, Mikrobiologiya, 1995a, vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 405–410.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Namsaraev, B.B., Dulov, L.E., Sokolova, E.N., and Zemskaya, T.I., Bacterial formation of methane in in bottom sediments of Lake Baikal, Mikrobiologiya, 1995b, vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 411–417.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Nikanorov, A.N., Matveev, A.A., Reznikov, S.A., et al., Results of multiyear studies on the dynamics of pollution of Lake Baikal by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the area of waste water discharge from the Baikal pulp and paper plant, Dokl. Earth Sci., 2012, vol. 443, no. 1, pp. 351–364.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Pavlova, O.N., Bukin, S.V., Lomakina, A.V., et al., The formation of hydrocarbon gases by the microbial community in bottom sediments of Lake Baikal, Mikrobiologiya, 2014, vol. 83, no. 6, pp. 694–702.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Pimenov, N.V., Zakharova, E.E., Bryukhanov, A.L., et al., Activity and structure of the community of sulfate-reducing bacteria in bottom sediments of the Southern Depression in Lake Baikal, Mikrobiologiya, 2014, vol. 83, no. 2, pp. 180–190.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    RD 52.24.525-2011. Massovaya dolya sul’fidnoi sery v donnykh otlozheniyakh. Metodika vypolneniya izmerenii fotometricheskim metodom s N,N-dimetil-p-fenilendiaminom (RD 52.24.511-2013. Mass Fraction of the Sulfide Sulfur in Bottom Sediments: Method for the Photometric Measurement using N,N-dimethyl-p- phenylenediamine), Rostov-on-Don: Rosgidromet, 2011.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    RD 52.24.511-2013. Massovaya dolya metana v donnykh otlozheniyakh. Metodika izmerenii gazokhromatograficheskim metodom s ispol’zovaniem analiza ravnovesnogo para (RD 52.24.511-2013. Mass Fraction of Methane in Bottom Sediments: Method for the Gas-Chromatographic Measurement using the Equilibrium Pair Analysis), Rostov-on-Don: Rosgidromet, 2013.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Vykhristyuk, L.A., Organicheskoe veshchestvo donnykh osadkov Baikala (Organic Matter in Bottom Sediments of Baikal), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1980.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Winfrey, M.R. and Zeikus, I.G., Effect of sulphate on carbon and electron flow during microbial methanogenesis in freshwater sediments, Appl. Emviron. Microbiol., 1977, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 275–281.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Yapaskurt, O.V., Litologiya. Uchebnik dlya studentov vuzov (Lithology: Textbook for University Students), Moscow: Akademiya, 2008.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Zhizhchenko, B.P., Uglevodorodnye gazy (Hydrocarbon Gases), Moscow: Nedra, 1984.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu. A. Fedorov
    • 1
    Email author
  • D. N. Gar’kusha
    • 1
  • N. S. Tambieva
    • 2
  • Yu. A. Andreev
    • 2
  • O. A. Mikhailenko
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Earth Sciences, Southern Federal UniversityRostov-on-DonRussia
  2. 2.Hydrochemical InstituteRostov-on-DonRussia

Personalised recommendations