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Lithology and Mineral Resources

, Volume 52, Issue 3, pp 173–191 | Cite as

Criteria for the detection of hydrothermal ecosystem faunas in ores of massive sulfide deposits in the Urals

  • V. V. Maslennikov
  • N. R. Ayupova
  • S. P. Maslennikova
  • A. Yu. Lein
  • A. S. Tseluiko
  • L. V. Danyushevsky
  • R. R. Large
  • V. A. Simonov
Article
  • 70 Downloads

Abstract

The ore-formational, ore-facies, lithological, and mineralogical-geochemical criteria are defined for the detection of hydrothermal ecosystem fauna in ores of the volcanic-hosted massive sulfide deposits in the Urals. Abundant mineralized microfauna is found mainly in massive sulfide mounds formed in the jasperous basalt (Buribai, Priorsk, Yubileinoe, Sultanov), rhyolite–basalt (Yaman-Kasy, Blyava, Komosomol’sk, Sibai, Molodezhnoe, Valentorsk), and the less common serpentinite (Dergamysh) formations of the Urals (O–D2). In the ore-formational series of the massive sulfide deposits, probability of the detection of mineralized fauna correlates inversely with the relative abundance of felsic volcanic rocks underlying the ores. This series is also marked by a gradual disappearance of colloform pyrite, marcasite, isocubanite, pyrrhotite, and pyrite pseudomorphoses after pyrrhotite; increase of the amount of bornite, fahlores, and barite; decrease of contents of Se, Te, Co, and Sn in chalcopyrite and sphalerite; and decrease of Tl, As, Sb, and Pb in the colloform pyrite. Probability of the detection of mineralized fauna in the morphogenetic series of massive sulfide deposits decreases from the weakly degraded sulfide mounds to the clastic stratiform deposits. The degradation degree of sulfide mounds and fauna preservation correlates with the attenuation of volcanic intensity, which is reflected in the abundance of sedimentary and volcanosedimentary rocks and the depletion of effusive rocks in the geological sections.

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Authors and Affiliations

  • V. V. Maslennikov
    • 1
  • N. R. Ayupova
    • 1
  • S. P. Maslennikova
    • 1
  • A. Yu. Lein
    • 2
  • A. S. Tseluiko
    • 3
  • L. V. Danyushevsky
    • 4
  • R. R. Large
    • 4
  • V. A. Simonov
    • 5
  1. 1.Institute of Mineralogy, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of SciencesIlmen Nature ReserveMiass, Chelyabinsk oblastRussia
  2. 2.Shirshov Institute of OceanologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.South Ural UniversityChelyabinskRussia
  4. 4.CODESUniversity of TasmaniaTasmaniaAustralia
  5. 5.Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia

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