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Kinetics and Catalysis

, Volume 60, Issue 1, pp 96–105 | Cite as

Effects of Alkali Element Doping and Synthesis Conditions on the Genesis of the Phase Composition of Alumina–Chromium Catalysts

  • V. V. Chesnokov
  • N. N. BoldyrevaEmail author
  • L. S. Dovlitova
  • D. A. Zyuzin
  • V. N. Parmon
Article
  • 8 Downloads

Abstract

The influence of modifying additives and synthesis conditions on the genesis of the phase composition of alumina–chromium catalysts was studied by differential dissolution (DD) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The salts of potassium (KNO3) and lithium (LiCl) were added as additives. It was found that the individual nature of the additives affected the formation of phases. Although potassium and lithium cations occur in the same group of the periodic system, they differently react with a phase of γ-Al2O3 in the support: lithium forms a LixAl1 solid solution with the crystallized finely dispersed γ-Al2O3 species, whereas potassium mainly remains on the surface of the finely dispersed Al2O3 species and partially forms potassium aluminate. The interaction of lithium cations with the active component Cr(VI) of the catalyst leads to the formation of lithium chromate analogously to the reaction of the potassium cation with \({\text{CrO}}_{4}^{{2 - }}.\) However, a portion of lithium cations is introduced into the structure of the substitution solid solution of Cr(III) in γ‑Al2O3 to form addition solid solutions (Al1Crx1– x2Liy1 –y2).

Keywords:

alumina–chromium catalyst modifying additives differential dissolution method stoichiograms 

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This work was performed at the Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences in accordance with a state contract (project no. AAAA-A17-117041710084-2).

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. V. Chesnokov
    • 1
  • N. N. Boldyreva
    • 1
    Email author
  • L. S. Dovlitova
    • 1
  • D. A. Zyuzin
    • 1
  • V. N. Parmon
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia
  2. 2.Novosibirsk State UniversityNovosibirskRussia

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