Synthesis of nitrogen-containing carbon materials for solid polymer fuel cell cathodes
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The following nitrogen-containing supports with various nitrogen contents and structure and texture properties were synthesized: carbon nanofibers (N-CNFs) and amorphous microporous carbon materials (N-AMCMs). It was found that the above characteristics can be regulated by varying synthesis conditions: precursor compositions and reaction temperature and time. Mesoporous nitrogen-containing CNFs with a specific surface area of 30–350 m2/g and a pore volume of 0.10–0.83 cm3/g were formed by the catalytic decomposition of a mixture of ethylene with ammonia at 450–675°C. Microporous materials (N-AMCMs) with a specific surface area of 472–3436 m2/g and a micropore volume of 0.22–1.88 cm3/g were prepared by the carbonization of nitrogen-containing organic compounds at 700–900°C. An increase in the carbonization temperature and reaction time resulted in an increase in the specific surface area and microporosity of N-AMCMs, whereas lower temperatures of 450–550°C and reaction times of 1–3 h were optimal for the preparation of N-CNFs with a developed texture. It was found that milder synthesis conditions and higher nitrogen contents of precursors were required for obtaining high nitrogen concentrations in both N-CNFs and N-AMCMs. The synthetic method developed allowed us to prepare carbon supports with nitrogen contents to 8 wt %.
KeywordsNitrogen Content Carbon Material Micropore Volume Carbonization Temperature Benzotriazole
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