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Kinetics and Catalysis

, Volume 48, Issue 4, pp 581–588 | Cite as

Synthesis of nitrogen-containing carbon materials for solid polymer fuel cell cathodes

  • Z. R. Ismagilov
  • A. E. Shalagina
  • O. Yu. Pod”yacheva
  • Ch. N. Barnakov
  • A. P. Kozlov
  • R. I. Kvon
  • I. Z. Ismagilov
  • M. A. Kerzhentsev
Carbon in Catalysis

Abstract

The following nitrogen-containing supports with various nitrogen contents and structure and texture properties were synthesized: carbon nanofibers (N-CNFs) and amorphous microporous carbon materials (N-AMCMs). It was found that the above characteristics can be regulated by varying synthesis conditions: precursor compositions and reaction temperature and time. Mesoporous nitrogen-containing CNFs with a specific surface area of 30–350 m2/g and a pore volume of 0.10–0.83 cm3/g were formed by the catalytic decomposition of a mixture of ethylene with ammonia at 450–675°C. Microporous materials (N-AMCMs) with a specific surface area of 472–3436 m2/g and a micropore volume of 0.22–1.88 cm3/g were prepared by the carbonization of nitrogen-containing organic compounds at 700–900°C. An increase in the carbonization temperature and reaction time resulted in an increase in the specific surface area and microporosity of N-AMCMs, whereas lower temperatures of 450–550°C and reaction times of 1–3 h were optimal for the preparation of N-CNFs with a developed texture. It was found that milder synthesis conditions and higher nitrogen contents of precursors were required for obtaining high nitrogen concentrations in both N-CNFs and N-AMCMs. The synthetic method developed allowed us to prepare carbon supports with nitrogen contents to 8 wt %.

Keywords

Nitrogen Content Carbon Material Micropore Volume Carbonization Temperature Benzotriazole 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Z. R. Ismagilov
    • 1
  • A. E. Shalagina
    • 1
  • O. Yu. Pod”yacheva
    • 1
  • Ch. N. Barnakov
    • 2
  • A. P. Kozlov
    • 2
  • R. I. Kvon
    • 1
  • I. Z. Ismagilov
    • 1
  • M. A. Kerzhentsev
    • 1
  1. 1.Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Carbon and Carbon Chemistry, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesKemerovoRussia

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