Kinetics and Catalysis

, Volume 48, Issue 1, pp 103–115 | Cite as

Direct synthesis of nitrogen-containing filamentous carbon on a high-percentage Ni-Cu catalyst

  • G. N. Il’inich
  • A. V. Romanenko
  • R. I. Kvon
  • V. B. Fenelonov
  • V. I. Zaikovskii
  • A. V. Ishchenko


Nitrogen-containing catalytic filamentous carbon (N-CFC) of chemical composition NC18-NC104 has been synthesized by the decomposition of pyridine (Py) from gaseous mixtures with argon or H2 at 550–800°C on Ni/Al2O3 (Ni) and Ni-Cu/Al2O3 (Ni-Cu) high-percentage catalysts. The activity of the Ni-Cu catalyst in Py decomposition in mixtures with H2 is about one order of magnitude higher than its activity in Py/Ar mixtures (more than 70 g N-CFC per metal gram in 4.5 h at 750°C), which is interpreted as arising from the nickel-catalyzed hydrogenation of Py. The formation and growth of carbon fibers occurs through the decomposition of Py (from Ar/Py mixtures) and/or Py hydrodenitrification products (from H2/Py mixtures). The carbon material has been characterized by elemental analysis, low-temperature nitrogen adsorption, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The effect of the noncatalytic reactions of Py and its transformation products on the composition and texture of N-CFC is discussed.


Direct Synthesis Catalytic Decomposition Carbon Yield Noncatalytic Reaction Nickel Phthalocyanine 
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Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. N. Il’inich
    • 1
  • A. V. Romanenko
    • 1
  • R. I. Kvon
    • 1
  • V. B. Fenelonov
    • 1
  • V. I. Zaikovskii
    • 1
  • A. V. Ishchenko
    • 2
  1. 1.Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia
  2. 2.Novosibirsk State UniversityNovosibirskRussia

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