JETP Letters

, Volume 108, Issue 6, pp 356–363 | Cite as

Formation of Dusty Plasma Clouds at Meteoroid Impact on the Surface of the Moon

  • S. I. PopelEmail author
  • A. P. Golub’
  • A. V. Zakharov
  • L. M. Zelenyi
  • A. A. Berezhnoy
  • E. S. Zubko
  • M. Iten
  • R. Lena
  • S. Sposetti
  • Yu. I. Velikodsky
  • A. A. Tereshchenko
  • B. Atamaniuk
Astrophysics and Cosmology


The nature of two dusty plasma clouds appearing because of the impact of a meteoroid on the surface of the Moon has been discussed. It has been shown that one of the clouds is formed by particles (or fragments) of regolith ejected into free space by a shock wave induced by the meteoroid impact on the surface of the Moon and the second cloud is formed by solidified melt droplets. The main characteristics of these clouds, including the cloud expansion rates, the characteristic sizes of particles in both clouds, and the concentrations and charges of particles, have been calculated. The calculated cloud expansion rates are in qualitative agreement with the observational data.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    T. J. Stubbs, R. R. Vondrak, and W. M. Farrell, Adv. Space Res. 37, 59 (2006).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Z. Sternovsky, P. Chamberlin, M. Horányi, S. Robertson, and X. Wang, J. Geophys. Res. 113, A10104 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    T. J. Stubbs, D. A. Glenar, W. M. Farrell, R. R. Vondrak, M. R. Collier, J. S. Halekas, and G. T. Delory, Planet. Space. Sci. 59, 1659 (2011).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. P. Golub’, G. G. Dol’nikov, A. V. Zakharov, L. M. Zelenyi, Yu. N. Izvekova, S. I. Kopnin, and S. I. Popel, JETP Lett. 95, 182 (2012).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    E. A. Lisin, V. P. Tarakanov, O. F. Petrov, S. I. Popel’, G. G. Dol’nikov, A. V. Zakharov, L. M. Zelenyi, and V. E. Fortov, JETP Lett. 98, 664 (2013).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    T. M. Burinskaya, Plasma Phys. Rep. 40, 14 (2014).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. I. Popel, L. M. Zelenyi, and B. Atamaniuk, Phys. Plasmas 22, 123701 (2015).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. I. Popel, A. P. Golub’, L. M. Zelenyi, and A. Yu. Dubinskii, Planet. Space Sci. 156, 71 (2018).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. I. Popel, S. I. Kopnin, A. P. Golub’, G. G. Dol’-nikov, A. V. Zakharov, L. M. Zelenyi, and Yu. N. Izvekova, Solar Syst. Res. 47, 419 (2013).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. I. Popel, A. P. Golub’, Yu. N. Izvekova, V. V. Afonin, G. G. Dol’nikov, A. V. Zakharov, L. M. Zelenyi, E. A. Lisin, and O. F. Petrov, JETP Lett. 99, 115 (2014).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    I. A. Kuznetsov, S. L. G. Hess, A. V. Zakharov, F. Cipriani, E. Seran, S. I. Popel, E. A. Lisin, O. F. Petrov, G. G. Dolnikov, A. N. Lyash, and S. I. Kopnin, Planet. Space Sci. 156, 62 (2018).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. Horányi, Z. Sternovsky, M. Lankton, C. Dumont, S. Gagnard, D. Gathright, E. Grün, D. Hansen, D. James, S. Kempf, B. Lamprecht, R. Srama, J. R. Szalay, and G. Wright, Space Sci. Rev. 185, 93 (2014).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Horányi, J. R. Szalay, S. Kempf, J. Schmidt, E. Grün, R. Srama, and Z. Sternovsky, Nature (London, U.K.) 522, 324 (2015).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. I. Popel, A. P. Golub’, E. A. Lisin, Yu. N. Izvekova, B. Atamaniuk, G. G. Dol’nikov, A. V. Zakharov, and L. M. Zelenyi, JETP Lett. 103, 563 (2016).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S. I. Popel, A. P. Golub’, L. M. Zelenyi, and M. Horányi, JETP Lett. 105, 635 (2017).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    I. V. Nemtchinov, V. V. Shuvalov, N. A. Artemieva, I. B. Kosarev, and S. I. Popel, Int. J. Impact Eng. 27, 521 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
  18. 18.
    J. L. Ortiz, J. M. Madiedo, N. Morales, P. Santos-Sanz, and F. J. Aceituno, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 454, 344 (2015).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    H. J. Melosh, Impact Cratering: A Geologic Process, Oxford Monographs on Geology and Geophysics (Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, 1996).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. E. Colwell, S. Batiste, M. Horányi, S. Robertson, and S. Sture, Rev. Geophys. 45, RG2006 (2007).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    V. V. Adushkin and A. A. Spivak, Underground Explosions (Nauka, Moscow, 2007) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    H. J. Melosh and A. M. Vickery, Nature (London, U.K.) 350, 494 (1991).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    R. F. Willis, M. Anderegg, B. Feuerbacher, and B. Fitton, in Photon and Particle Interactions with Surfaces in Space, Ed. by R. J. L. Grard (D. Reidel, Dordrecht, 1973), p. 389.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. I. Popel
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • A. P. Golub’
    • 1
  • A. V. Zakharov
    • 1
  • L. M. Zelenyi
    • 1
    • 3
  • A. A. Berezhnoy
    • 4
  • E. S. Zubko
    • 5
  • M. Iten
    • 6
  • R. Lena
    • 7
  • S. Sposetti
    • 8
  • Yu. I. Velikodsky
    • 9
  • A. A. Tereshchenko
    • 9
  • B. Atamaniuk
    • 10
  1. 1.Space Research InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.National Research University Higher School of EconomicsMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University)Dolgoprudnyi, Moscow regionRussia
  4. 4.Sternberg Astronomical InstituteMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  5. 5.Far Eastern Federal UniversityVladivostokRussia
  6. 6.Garden ObservatoryGordolaSwitzerland
  7. 7.Geologic Lunar Research (GLR) GroupRomeItaly
  8. 8.Gnosca ObservatoryGnoscaSwitzerland
  9. 9.National Aviation UniversityKyivUkraine
  10. 10.Space Research CentrePolish Academy of SciencesWarsawPoland

Personalised recommendations