Cascade “Melting” of a Linear Disclination in Chiral Nematic Droplets
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A new structure of the elastic field of a chiral nematic liquid crystal in a cylindrical capillary with a singularity on the axis of the capillary in the form of a “melted” helical disclination has been obtained experimentally. It has been shown theoretically that the number of cylindrical surfaces, cascades at which a jump of the direction of the director orientation field n by π occurs, can be arbitrary. The particular number of cascades depends on the radius R of the cylinder and boundary conditions. An expression for the free energy of the elastic field has been obtained in the one-constant approximation of the continuum theory of liquid crystals.
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