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JETP Letters

, Volume 107, Issue 11, pp 695–698 | Cite as

Cascade “Melting” of a Linear Disclination in Chiral Nematic Droplets

  • O. A. Skaldin
  • I. I. Klebanov
  • Yu. I. Timirov
  • E. R. Basyrova
  • V. A. Delev
Condensed Matter
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

A new structure of the elastic field of a chiral nematic liquid crystal in a cylindrical capillary with a singularity on the axis of the capillary in the form of a “melted” helical disclination has been obtained experimentally. It has been shown theoretically that the number of cylindrical surfaces, cascades at which a jump of the direction of the director orientation field n by π occurs, can be arbitrary. The particular number of cascades depends on the radius R of the cylinder and boundary conditions. An expression for the free energy of the elastic field has been obtained in the one-constant approximation of the continuum theory of liquid crystals.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. A. Skaldin
    • 1
  • I. I. Klebanov
    • 2
    • 3
  • Yu. I. Timirov
    • 1
  • E. R. Basyrova
    • 1
  • V. A. Delev
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Molecule and Crystal Physics, Ufa Federal Research CenterRussian Academy of SciencesUfaRussia
  2. 2.South Ural State Humanitarian Pedagogical UniversityChelyabinskRussia
  3. 3.South Ural State University (National Research University)ChelyabinskRussia

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