Isotropization of two-dimensional hydrodynamic turbulence in the direct cascade
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We present results of numerical simulation of the direct cascade in two-dimensional hydrodynamic turbulence (with spatial resolution up to ). If at the earlier stage (at the time of order of the inverse pumping growth rate τ-Γmax −1), the turbulence develops according to the same scenario as in the case of a freely decaying turbulence [1, 2]: quasi-singular distribution of di-vorticity are formed, which in k-space correspond to jets, leading to a strong turbulence anisotropy, then for times of the order of 10τ turbulence becomes almost isotropic. In particular, at these times any significant anisotropy in the angular fluctuations for the energy spectrum (for a fixed k) is not visible, while the probability distribution function of vorticity for large arguments has the exponential tail with the exponent linearly dependent on vorticity, in the agreement with the theoretical prediction .
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