Hamilton’s equations of motion of a vortex filament in the rotating Bose–Einstein condensate and their “soliton” solutions
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The equation of motion of a quantized vortex filament in a trapped Bose–Einstein condensate [A. A. Svidzinsky and A. L. Fetter, Phys. Rev. A 62, 063617 (2000)] has been generalized to the case of an arbitrary anharmonic anisotropic rotating trap and presented in the variational form. For condensate density profiles of the form ρ = f(x 2 + y 2 + ReΨ(x + iy)) in the presence of the plane of symmetry y = 0, the solutions x(z) describing stationary vortices of U and S types coming to the surface and solitary waves have been found in quadratures. Analogous three-dimensional configurations of the vortex filament uniformly moving along the z axis have also been found in strictly cylindrical geometry. The dependence of solutions on the form of the function f(q) has been analyzed.
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