The statistical characteristics of the Kraichnan direct cascade for two-dimensional hydrodynamic turbulence are numerically studied (with spatial resolution 8192 × 8192) in the presence of pumping and viscous-like damping. It is shown that quasi-shocks of vorticity and their Fourier partnerships in the form of jets introduce an essential influence in turbulence leading to strong angular dependencies for correlation functions. The energy distribution as a function of modulus k for each angle in the inertial interval has the Kraichnan behavior, ~k–4, and simultaneously a strong dependence on angles. However, angle average provides with a high accuracy the Kraichnan turbulence spectrum Ek = CKη2/3k–3, where η is the enstrophy flux and the Kraichnan constant CK ≃ 1.3, in correspondence with the previous simulations. Familiar situation takes place for third-order velocity structure function S3L which, as for the isotropic turbulence, gives the same scaling with respect to the separation length R and η, S3L= C3ηR3, but the average over the angles and time differs from its isotropic value.
Vorticity JETP Letter Isotropic Turbulence Inertial Range Spectral Space
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