JETP Letters

, Volume 101, Issue 5, pp 308–312 | Cite as

Electron emission and ultrafast low-fluence plasma formation during single-shot femtosecond laser surface ablation of various materials

  • A. A. Ionin
  • S. I. Kudryashov
  • S. V. Makarov
  • P. N. Saltuganov
  • L. V. Seleznev
  • D. V. Sinitsyn
  • V. A. Lednev
  • S. M. Pershin
Plasma, Hydro- and Gas Dynamics


Emission of erosive plasma has been observed during electric probe and optical emission spectral measurements of plumes produced by single-shot femtosecond laser ablation of optical-quality surfaces of various materials—copper, titanium, and silicon—at laser fluences well below the corresponding thermal ablation thresholds, replacing presumably electron emission at lower fluences. The onset of erosive plasma correlates on the fluence scale with saturation of dependences of self-reflectivity of the pumping femtosecond laser pulses, reflecting the “freezing” of electron dynamics (variation of electron density or temperature) during the pumping pulses, despite the monotonically increasing laser fluences.


Femtosecond Laser JETP Letter Femtosecond Laser Pulse Ablative Plume Femtosecond Laser Ablation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Ionin
    • 1
  • S. I. Kudryashov
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. V. Makarov
    • 1
    • 5
  • P. N. Saltuganov
    • 1
    • 3
  • L. V. Seleznev
    • 1
  • D. V. Sinitsyn
    • 1
  • V. A. Lednev
    • 4
  • S. M. Pershin
    • 4
  1. 1.Lebedev Physical InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.National Research Nuclear University MEPhIMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University) MIPTDolgoprudnyi, Moscow regionRussia
  4. 4.Prokhorov General Physics InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  5. 5.ITMO UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

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