On teleportation in a system of identical particles
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The teleportation of an unknown polarization state of one of the photons in a system of identical particles has been considered. It has been shown that the spatial degrees of freedom, which are various directions of the momentum of three photons, are of significant importance for teleportation in the system of identical particles. The inclusion of the spatial degrees of freedom increases the dimension of the space of single-particle states. In view of this increase, a four-dimensional subspace of two-particle states, which is similar to the space of states spanned on the Bell states in the system of two distinguishable qubits, can be separated in the experimental configuration.
KeywordsEntangle State Bell State Identical Particle Polariza Tion Degree Distinguishable Particle
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