Probability of the occurrence of freak waves
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The statistics of the occurrence of freak waves on a surface of an ideal heavy liquid is studied. The freak (rogue, extreme) waves arise in the course of evolution of a statistically homogeneous random Gaussian wave field. The mean steepness of initial data varies from small (μ2 = 1.54 × 10−3) to moderate (μ2 = 3.08 × 10−3) values. The frequency of the occurrence of extreme waves decreases with an increase in the spectral width of the initial distribution, but remains relatively high even for broad spectra (Δ k /Δ ∼ 1).
KeywordsJETP Letter Conformal Mapping Spectral Width Significant Wave Height Lower Half Plane
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