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JETP Letters

, Volume 91, Issue 2, pp 55–61 | Cite as

Topological invariants for standard model: From semi-metal to topological insulator

  • G. E. Volovik
Fields, Particles, and Nuclei

Abstract

We consider topological invariants describing semimetal (gapless) and insulating (gapped) states of the quantum vacuum of Standard Model and possible quantum phase transitions between these states.

Keywords

JETP Letter Topological Charge Quantum Phase Transition Topological Insulator Dirac Fermion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Low Temperature LaboratoryHelsinki University of TechnologyHUTFinland
  2. 2.Landau Institute for Theoretical PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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