Transversally-flat dose field formation and primary radiobiological exercises with the carbon beam extracted from the U-70 synchrotron
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We describe a technique for attaining extended transversally-flat paraxial dose fields with the intermediateenergy carbon beam slowly extracted at the magnetic-field flat-bottom from the IHEP U-70 synchrotron. To this end, a fixed-radius circular beam sweep with the aid of a compact electromechanical wobbler with rotating permanent dipole magnets is applied. A technique for tuning the beam transfer line and the irradiation facility proper at the interim radiobiological workbench with an external fixed target is substantiated. A brief description of its engineering implementation is presented. Results of the successful experimental verification of the technique in question with a carbon nuclear beam from the U-70 machine are reported, in particular, results of the primary radiobiological exercises accomplished in cooperation with the scientists at the MRRC of the Russian Ministry of Healthcare.
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