Advertisement

Inorganic Materials

, Volume 54, Issue 15, pp 1551–1555 | Cite as

Study of the Mechanical Properties of Structural Steels Using Acoustic and Magnetic Methods

  • M. R. TyutinEmail author
  • L. R. Botvina
  • V. P. Levin
  • A. G. Efimov
  • N. R. Kuzelev
MECHANICS OF MATERIALS: STRENGTH, RESOURCE, AND SAFETY
  • 10 Downloads

Abstract

Mechanical properties of structural steels have been studied upon tensile tests of flat specimens with a stress concentrator using acoustic and magnetic methods. Strain dependences of acoustic and magnetic parameters evaluated by several nondestructive testing techniques are obtained. Analysis of revealed regularities makes it possible to identify the physical parameters characterizing attainment of the critical state corresponding to the yield and ultimate strength of the materials under study.

Keywords:

fracture damage nondestructive testing acoustic emission magnetic memory of the metal eddy current method coercive force 

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, project no. 15-19-00237.

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Botvina, L.R., Petersen, T.B., Soldatenkov, A.P., and Tyutin, M.R., Time dependences of acoustic signal characteristics during fracture of metal samples, Dokl. Earth Sci., 2015, vol. 462, no. 1, pp. 475–478.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Carpinteri, A., Lacidogna, G., and Puzzi, S., From criticality to final collapse: evolution of the “b-value” from 1.5 to 1.0, Chaos, Solitons Fractals, 2009, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 843–853.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Carpinteri, A., Lacidogna, G., and Pugno, N., Structural damage diagnosis and lifetime assessment by acoustic emission monitoring, Eng. Fract. Mech., 2007, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 273–289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Datt, P., Kapil, J.C., and Kumar, A., Acoustic emission characteristics and b-value estimate in relation to waveform analysis for damage response of snow, Cold Reg. Sci. Technol., 2015, vol. 119, pp. 170–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Prosser, W.H., Gorman, M.R., and Humes, D.H., Acoustic emission signals in thin plates produced by impact damage, J. Acoust. Emiss., 1999, vol. 17, nos. 1–2, pp. 29–36.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Vonsovskii, S.V., Magnetizm. Magnitnye svoistva dia-, para-, ferro-, antiferro- i feroomagnetikov (Magnetic properties of Dia-, Para-, Ferro-, Antiferro- and Ferromagnetics), Moscow: Nauka, 1971.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bozorth, R. and Williams, H., Effect of small stresses on magnetic properties, Rev. Mod. Phys., 1945, vol. 17, no. 1, p. 72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yao, K. et al., Experimental research on metal magnetic memory method, Exp. Mech., 2012, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 305–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wang, Z., Gu, Y., and Wang, Y., A review of three magnetic NDT technologies, J. Magn. Magn. Mater., 2012, vol. 324, no. 4, pp. 382–388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Huang, H. et al., Stress concentration impact on the magnetic memory signal of ferromagnetic structural steel, Nondestr. Test. Eval., 2014, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 377–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pengju, G. et al., Effect of tensile stress on the variation of magnetic field of low-alloy steel, J. Magn. Magn. Mater., 2011, vol. 323, no. 20, pp. 2474–2477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kobayashi, N. et al., Remote field eddy current testing for steam generator inspection of fast reactor, Nucl. Eng. Des., 2011, vol. 241, no. 12, pp. 4643–4648.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Spencer, F.W., Detection Reliability for Small Cracks Beneath Rivet Heads Using Eddy-Current Nondestructive Inspection Techniques, Washington, DC: Off Aviat. Res., 1998, no. DOT/FAA/AR-97/73.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bakunov, A.S., Efimov, A.G., and Shubochkin, A.E., Application of modern eddy current flaw detectors to control various industrial objects, Kontrol Diagn., 2011, no. 4, pp. 13–16.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Erhard, A., Schuler, X., and Otremba, F., A new concept for steam generator tube integrity assessment, Nucl. Eng. Des., 2012, vol. 249, pp. 297–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Gorkunov, E.S., Subachev, Yu.V., Povolotskaya, A.M., and Zadvorkin, S.M., The influence of a preliminary plastic deformation on the behavior of the magnetic characteristics of high-strength controllably rolled pipe steel under an elastic uniaxial tension (Compression), Russ. J. Nondestr. Test., 2015, vol. 51, no. 9, pp. 563–572.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Teplinskii, Yu.A. et al., Investigation of the features of change in the magnetic parameters of steel 17G1S under uniaxial tensile load, Kontrol Diagn., 2004, no. 12, pp. 6–8.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Gordienko, V.E., Ovchinnikov, N.V., and Baksheev, A.O., The dependence of the magnetic stray field of low-carbon and low-alloy steels by uniaxial tensile and compressive stresses, Kontrol Diagn., 2007, no. 2, pp. 60–69.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gordienko, V.E., Magnitnyi kontrol’ i otsenka napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya metalla pri uprugoelasticheskom deformirovanii (Magnetic Control and Evaluation of the Stress-Strain State of the Metal under the Elastic-Plastic Deformation), St. Petersburg: S.-Peterb. Gos. Arkhit.-Stroit. Univ., 2008.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Gorkunov, E.S. et al., Magnetic inspection of fatigue degradation of a high-carbon pearlitic steel, Russ. J. Nondestr. Test., 2011, vol. 47, no. 12, pp. 803–809.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Dubov, A.A., Dubov, Al.A., and Kolokol’nikov, S.M., Metod magnitnoi pamyati metalla i pribory kontrolya (Method of Metal Magnetic Memory and Control Devices), Moscow: Spektr, 2012, no. 5.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Klyuev, V.V., Nerazrushayushchii kontrol’: Spravochnik (Nondestructive Testing: Handbook), Moscow: Mashinostroenie, 2006, vol. 1.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Klyuev, V.V., Nerazrushayushchii kontrol’: Spravochnik (Nondestructive Testing: Handbook), Moscow: Mashinostroenie, 2006, vol. 2, book 2.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Krasovskii, A.Ya., Novikov, N.V., and Nadezhdin, G.M., Correlation between acoustic emission, plastic flow, and fracture in iron in static loading over a wide range of temperatures and deformation speeds, Strength Mater., 1976, vol. 8, no. 10, pp. 1135–1138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Botvina, L.R. et al., On interrelation of damage accumulation in structural steels and physical parameters estimated by methods of acoustic emission and metal magnetic memory, Russ. Metall. (Engl. Transl.), 2017, vol. 2017, no. 1, pp. 10–17.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. R. Tyutin
    • 1
    Email author
  • L. R. Botvina
    • 1
  • V. P. Levin
    • 1
  • A. G. Efimov
    • 2
  • N. R. Kuzelev
    • 2
  1. 1.Baikov Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.NIIIN MNPO SpektrMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations