Defect structure of xSc2O3 · (1 − x)TiO2 (x = 0.4–0.5) solid solutions
X-ray diffraction characterization with monochromatic synchrotron X-rays has demonstrated that xSc2O3 · (1 − x)TiO2 (x = 0.4–0.5) solid solutions consist of a fluorite-like (Fm3m) disordered phase and a nanoscale (≃ 10–50 nm) pyrochlore-like (Fd3m) ordered phase of the same composition, coherent with the disordered phase. We have determined their lattice parameters. The formation of nanodomains with different degrees of order is shown to be caused by the internal strain due to the high density of structural defects in their unit cells. The materials obtained in this study possess enhanced sorption capacity and can be used as catalysts, catalyst supports, gas sensors, etc.
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