Inorganic Materials

, 45:1439 | Cite as

High-purity chalcogenide glasses for fiber optics

  • G. E. Snopatin
  • V. S. Shiryaev
  • V. G. Plotnichenko
  • E. M. Dianov
  • M. F. Churbanov
Article

Abstract

The data on the present degree of purity of chalcogenide glasses for fiber optics, on their methods of production and on the properties, which are essential for their actual application, are generalized. The content of limiting impurities in the best samples of chalcogenide glasses is 10–100 ppb wt.; of heterophase inclusions with size of about 100 nm is less than 103 cm−3. On the basis of chalcogenide glasses the multimode and single mode optical fibers are produced with technical and operation characteristics sufficient for a number of actual applications. The minimum optical losses of 12–14 dB/km at 3–5 µm are attained in the optical fiber from arsenic-sulfide glass. The level of losses in standard chalcogenide optical fibers is 50–300 dB/km in 2–9 µm spectral range. The factors, affecting the optical absorption of glasses and optical fibers, are analyzed, and the main directions in further development of chalcogenide glasses as the materials for fiber optics are considered.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. E. Snopatin
    • 1
  • V. S. Shiryaev
    • 1
  • V. G. Plotnichenko
    • 2
  • E. M. Dianov
    • 2
  • M. F. Churbanov
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Chemistry of High-Purity SubstancesRussian Academy of SciencesNizhny NovgorodRussia
  2. 2.Fiber Optics Research CenterRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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