Autoionization of Excitons in Organic Solar Cells
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It has been shown that in addition to the conventional mechanism of photovoltaic effect in organic solar cells (OSCs), which is the ionization of molecular excitons on impurities, a new mechanism is possible in nanoscale cells, namely, tunneling autoionization in a strong electric field of the pn junction. Its quantum yield for molecular excitons and charge-transfer excitons becomes higher than for ionization on impurities with a cell length of less than 20–25 or 60–80 lattice periods (~10 and ~25 nm), respectively. The possibility of creating cascades of series-connected OSCs with a quantum yield close to 1 on the basis of the new mechanism is discussed.
Keywordsmolecular excitons charge-transfer excitons autoionization photovoltaic effect organic solar cells
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